The Consuetudines canonice of Lund
Anderson, Merete G.
Scandia, Vol. 67, Nr 1 (2001)
In the year 816, at the Council of Aachen, it was decided to introduce conditions similar to those at the Benedictine monasteries for priests serving at cathedrals. The result was the Rule of Aachen, Institurio canonicorum Aquisgranensis.’ This Rule, however; was very liberal, and by that time the religious life at the chapters had decayed. This circumstance prompted the reform of canons in the 11th hand 12th centuries, which attempted to restore the ancient ideals of vita apostolica and vita comunis the early Christian Church.
The earliest reform centre came into being in 1033 X St Ruf, near Avignon in Southern France. Other reform centres were: Marbach in the diocese of Base1 founded in 1083;’ Rottenbuch in Freising, 1092;’Springiersbach in Trier, 1407; ‘and the Chapter of Salzburg in the 12th century rule, normally the Rule of St Augustine, was the normative basis for these reform centres. In addition, there were the Customs or consueiudines.The Customs of St Ruf’ had great influence on the later reform movement. They were the basis for the Customs of Marbach and the so-called Customs of Springiersbach-Klosterrath.’From Scandinavia 1×0 customary manuscripts have survived: one is to be found at the University Library in Lund, Mh 6; the other is at the University Library in Uppsala, C 222.