Armenian Architecture in Twelfth-Century Crusader Jerusalem
Kenaan-Kedar, Nurith (Tel Aviv University)
Assaph Studies in Art History, 3 (1998)
The art and architecture of the crusaders in 12th-century Jerusalem have been constantly studied since the beginning of this century. Major issues of investigation have been the geographical origins of various artistic projects, and the meaning of their iconographical programs. In the last two decades the assumption that local Christian art and artists left their impact on the art of the crusaders has been generally accepted. The existence of Armenian art and architecture in 12th-century Jerusalem has been acknowledged, as pilgrim descriptions of the Holy Land in the 12th century already mentioned Armenian monuments. These have not, however, been evaluated as artistic projects, but related to simply as edifices and monasteries belonging to the Armenians, rather than as manifesting specific attitudes and intentions which can be defined as Armenian.