The Conservation History, Problems and the Rehabilitation of Lithuanian Medieval Castles

The paper discusses the conservation practices and methods of the Lithuanian medieval castles. Since 19th century there was a lot of attention on the medieval castles in Lithuania, which later transformed into a search for an identity.

Medieval Meets Modern: Stary Olsa Take on Rock Classics With a Medieval Twist

A look at medieval musicians, Stary Olsa.

Medieval Animation: The Founding of Lithuania’s capital Vilnius

Created in 1990 by the Lithuanian Animated Film Studio, this film tells the mythological tale of the founding of Medieval Lithuanian capital Vilnius.

The Legal Status of Female Guardians in 1530s Lithuania

The office of guardianship was clearly needed in the society of sixteenth-century Lithuania. The comparatively short average life expectancy meant that quite a great number of children lost one or both of their parents before reaching majority, and thus had to receive some sort of protection.

Slaves, Money Lenders, and Prisoner Guards: The Jews and the Trade in Slaves and Captives in the Crimean Khanate

Trade in slaves and captives was one of the most important (if not the most important) sources of income of the Crimean Khanate in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries.

The Battle of Tannenberg in 1410: Strategic Interests and Tactical Implementation

On July 15, 1410 the united Polish-Lithuanian Army destroyed the army of the Teutonic Order in the Battle of Tannenberg.

Reflection of European Sarmatia in Early Cartography

While looking for the origins of the state of Lithuania, it is the study of old maps that helps solve a number of riddles, so far weighing on the history of our nation. Historical data, traced in maps and their images, unrestricted by any political, religious or pseudo- scientific taboos, allow us to cast a broad view on the dim and distant past of our state.

A defence installation of the developing Lithuanian state

This defence installation from the 12th and 13th centuries belongs to the most important fortified area of the newly developing Lithuanian state. It extended about 50 kilometres from east to west, and was built as a defence against the Polotsk-Pskov duchies and the Livonian Order.

The Road of a Thousand Years

Zigmantas Kiaupa is Professor of History at the Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas and Senior Researcher at the History Institute in Vilnius. He is editor-in-chief of the history annual “Lietuvos istorijos metraštis” and author of several books and numerous articles.

Colonizing the Landscape: A Case Study of Medieval Livonia

There are several impulses which led me to the history of medieval landscape, and particularly that of Medieval Livonia. When discussing with Gerhard Jaritz the availability of medieval primary sources on the Eastern Baltic landscape, I was obliged to point out the extreme scarcity of medieval picture images, illuminated manuscripts or maps of Livonia.

Mobilisation of the European Periphery against the Mongols

I related how, according to the Novgorod Chronicles, newly arrived crusaders, together with the Sword Brothers, allied themselves with the Russian-Orthodox Pskovites before they went on to their crushing defeat at the hands of the Lithuanians at Saule in September 1236.

The Charge of Polish Knights and Infantry at the Battle of Grunwald

Known as the Battle of Grunwald in Poland, the Battle of Tannenberg in Germany and as the Battle of Zalgirio in Lithuania, the military clash was one of the largest and longest battle fought during the medieval period.

The battle of Tannenberg (Grunwald) in 1410

The battle of Tannenberg (Grunwald) in 1410 By Dmetrius Dviochenko de Markov From Crecy to Mohacs: Warfare in the Late Middle Ages (1346-1526):  22nd Colloquium of the International Commission of Military History (Vienna, 1997) Introduction: In 1386, following the dynastic agreement of Krewo of 1385, the Grand Prince of Lithuania, Olgerd (Olgirdas), was succeeded by […]

The Conversion of Lithuania 1387

The foundation of the bishopric in Vilnius in 1387, marked by the presence of Jogaila (1350-1434) to assist in teaching the fundamental tenets of the faith, was a decisive, moment in the history of the Lithuanian people. I


WITCHES IN BALTIC FAIRY TALES Gliwa, Bernd Onomasiology Online 4 (2003) Abstract The following article discusses names for witches in Lithuanian and Latvian fairy tales. For Lith. ragana, Latv. ragana the common etymological reconstruction *‘seeress’ is rejected. Instead, Balt. *ragana is derived from Balt. *rag- ‘to raise, rise’ < I.-E. *re -,*ro – ‘to move straight, […]

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