í víking : Norse who went plundering
Celtic Guide, Volume 1, Issue 6 – June (2012)
Simon of Durham witnessed this attack on the monastery at Lindisfarne, the earliest recorded Norse raid. “They came to the church of Lindisfarne, laid everything waste with rievous plundering, trampled the holy places with polluted feet, dug up the altars and seized all the treasures of the holy church. They killed some of the brothers; some they took away with them in fetters; many they drove out, naked and loaded with insults; and some they drowned in the sea.”
When the news reached Charlemagne’s court, Alcuin of York- -a noted cleric–quoted a warning from Jeremiah (Chapter 1: Verse 14). “Then the Lord said unto me, Out of the North an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.” Alcuin and others believed God sent the viking pirates as divine instruments of retribution for Christians’ sins.