The Washington Haggadah and 33 other Medieval Manuscripts digitized by the Library of Congress

The Library of Congress has released some 230 newly digitized manuscripts written in Hebrew and similar languages such as Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian and Yiddish. It includes 34 manuscripts dating between the 11th and 16th centuries.

The collection, available online for researchers and the public for the first time, includes The Passover Haggadah, also known as the “Washington Haggadah”, created in 1478 by Joel ben Simeon, a Hebrew scribe working in both Italy and Germany, and today is considered one of the finest Jewish artists of the period.

Fragment from an 11th-century Bible in Arabic characters – image courtesy Library of Congress

The full digital project, funded by the David Berg Foundation, offers a highly diverse collection of materials from the 11th through the 20th centuries, including responsa or rabbinic decisions and commentary, poetry, Jewish magic, and folk medicine.

Folio from the Washington Haggadah, dating to the 15th century – image courtesy The Library of Congress.

“The generosity of the Berg Foundation has enabled the Library of Congress to achieve a longstanding goal of making its rich collection of Hebrew manuscripts even more accessible to researchers,” said Lanisa Kitchiner, chief of the African and Middle Eastern Division. “The collection reflects an extraordinary manuscript tradition of immeasurable research value. Its existence and online presence are both an inspiration and an invitation to admire, engage, draw upon and advance Jewish contributions to humanity from the 10th century onward.”


Seventeenth and 18th-century Italy is particularly well represented in the collection, with numerous manuscripts on a variety of subjects including wedding poetry in Judeo-Italian and a considerable corpus on Kabbalah. Together, the newly digitized manuscripts offer a rich and often intimate glimpse into Jewish life over the centuries.

Ibbronot. calculating the Hebrew calendar, dating from the late 16th century – image courtesy The Library of Congress

Among the medieval highlights from the collection are:

Click here to visit the Hebraic Manuscripts Collection

Order of Prayers before Retiring at Night – manuscript created in the 18th century – photo courtesy The Library of Congress