From the years 1250 to 1517 Egypt and parts of the Middle East were ruled by the Mamluks. Their state would be involved in wars against the Mongols in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and then with the Ottoman Empire in the sixteenth-century. Here are five videos about the Mamluks.
The first video, by Tarih Bilgisi, details the year-by-year changes in the state.
You can also see EmperorTigerstar‘s video of the Middle East over the years, which includes the Mamluk state.
EmperorTigerstar has also created this video showing the Mamluk-Ottoman war of 1516-17.
You can learn more about the Ottoman-Mamluk War of 1516-1517 from the video by Kings and Generals.
Finally, this video version of the In Our Time podcast from the BBC offers this analysis of the Mamluks.