The First Crusade: Pope Urban II and Jerusalem vs. Diplomatic Unification
The First Crusade: Pope Urban II and Jerusalem vs. Diplomatic Unification By Alexandra Wurglics Adelphi Honors College Student Journal of Ideas, Vol.15 (2015) Introduction: Pope Urban…
Crusaders, Pilgrims, and Relics – Bearers of the Cross: Material Religion in the Crusading World 1095-1300
The Museum of the Order of St. John is hosting a series of events and talks to promote their project: Bearers of the Cross: Material Religion in the Crusading World 1095-1300.
Besteiros Do Conto (Crossbowmen): Organization, abuses of power and irregularities during the reign of Dom João I (1385-1433)
The aim of this paper is to examine an aspect of social life linked to one of the most important and original forms of military organization in the whole of Portuguese history—the besteiros do conto (crossbowmen).
The Sermon of Urban II in Clermont and the Tradition of Papal Oratory
The speech that Pope Urban II delivered at Clermont in 1095 to launch the First Crusade is probably one of the most discussed sermons from the Middle Ages.
Church Reunification: Pope Urban II’s Papal Policy Towards the Christian East and Its Demise
What separates this brief work from that of previous historians is that it focuses on the formation and changes of papal policy in regards to the Eastern Orthodox Church during the First Crusade, exclusively.
Abbot Majolus of Cluny, Ambassador to the Dead
This paper was part of a intriguing session on monasticism entitled: SESSION IV: Abbots between Ideals and Institutions, 10th–12th Centuries. Here, we meet the unsung hero of Cluny’s early history, Abbot Majolus.
Medieval reads for Dad!
Father’s Day is just around the corner – here are some fun medieval reads to make his day special!
Men, Women, and Beasts at Clermont, 1095
When Pope Urban II called for a military campaign to the Holy Land in 1095, he launched what would be the first in a series of Christian crusades. But even more than that, he advocated a form of warfare that would be pleasing to God.
The Political Crusades – A useful historiographical concept?
The Political Crusades – A useful historiographical concept? Følner, Bjarke MA. Honours, University of Edinburgh (2001) Abstract This paper deals with the modern…
Saint Peter and Paul Church (Sinan Pasha Mosque), Famagusta: A Forgotten Gothic Moment in Northern Cyprus
Saint Peter and Paul Church (Sinan Pasha Mosque), Famagusta: A Forgotten Gothic Moment in Northern Cyprus Walsh, Michael Inferno, Volume IX, 2004 Abstract…
The Secular Motivations of the First Crusade
The Secular Motivations of the First Crusade Vicari,George Jr., Major, USAF Research Report, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, April (2002) Abstract The 11th…
Why Jerusalem? Why then? A study of the religious significance of Jerusalem to the West in 1095
Why Jerusalem? Why then? A study of the religious significance of Jerusalem to the West in 1095 Larson, Erin (Clemson University) PhD Thesis, Clemson…
Recent Research on Canons Regular in the German Empire of the 11th and 12th Centuries
For decades the reform movement of the canons of the 11th and 12th centuries remained to a great degree unnoticed by historians. The Premonstratensians, who in this report are treated only in passing, have to be regarded as a certain exception.
The Byzantine Background to the First Crusade
Just over nine hundred years ago, Pope Urban II closed a provincial church council at Clermont Ferrand with a rousing call to arms that launched the First Crusade.