Pollution was a problem long before the Industrial Revolution and complaints of air pollution and its association with fuel can be traced back over seven hundred years.
A team of researchers have shown that soon after the Norse arrived in Iceland, that island’s species of walrus went extinct.
Researchers used thirteen Arctic ice cores from Greenland and the Russian Arctic to measure, date, and analyze lead emissions captured in the ice from 500 to 2010 CE, a period of time that extended from the Middle Ages through the Modern Period to the present.
There is a common perception that when a natural disaster struck in the Middle Ages, the people would just say that this was God’s punishment for their sins. However, this was not always the case – at least when it came to flooding in Valencia.
And the sun has been seen blue many times a day and a cross was spotted in the moon as well as many more miracles in the sky.
There are 37 trees or groups of trees on the tapestry and it has been widely noticed that trees are used as scene endings.
Chemistry of bugs trapped in ancient lake sediment shows a warm climate at a key time in Greenland’s history.
The purpose of the present paper is to analyse the mental and cultural attitudes of early medieval people towards one celestial “unidentified” phenomenon: aurora borealis.
This article presents the diversity of evidence for garden plants from archaeological contexts in southern Scandinavia dated to the Viking Age (AD 775–1050).
The period we’re talking about is covering the period after the early medieval crisis until the period that followed the fall of Constantinople to the Latins in the year 1204
The field of human-animal relations is a growing area of research, and with regard to the
Viking Age the majority of this research has concerned the Scandinavian homelands.
Paper by Michael McCormick, given at the Climate, Pollution and Economic Growth in Human History: New results from the Historical Ice Core Project.
Resilient Societies, Vulnerable People: Coping with North Sea Floods Before 1800 By Tim Soens Past & Present, Volume 241:1 (2018) Abstract: On Christmas Day…
The paper deals with the relationships between people and waste in the Middle Ages, primarily in urban environments in Central Europe.
New insights into the evolution and eventual disappearance of Portus Pisanus, the lost harbour of Pisa, have been revealed.
Strange atmospheric phenomena visible all over Europe in September 1465 are interpreted as the result of a volcanic dust veil, possibly originating from a re-dated eruption of Kuwae in Vanuatu, in the southwestern Pacific.
In comparing the roles of whales, walrus, and seals, this study will examine the themes that recur throughout the Old Icelandic literary tradition, and how these may have been influenced by the circumstances of the time.
In this thesis, I explore the intersection of nature and human society in the poem Beowulf.
A recent study indicates that volcanic eruptions in the mid 500s resulted in an unusually gloomy and cold period, and that the years 536 and 541-544 CE were very difficult for many people.
Memories of the largest lava flood in the history of Iceland, recorded in an apocalyptic medieval poem, were used to drive the island’s conversion to Christianity, new research suggests.
Konungs skuggsjá explains the wonders of the strange waters around Greenland, a far corner of the medieval world.
Büntgen and Di Cosmo’s recent article in Scientific Reports attempts to tackle an important historical mystery (the abrupt Mongol withdrawal from medieval Hungary). We agree with their underlying assumption that an interdisciplinary analysis of environmental and documentary resources can result in a better understanding of the events. However, some of the supporting evidence does not withstand critical examination in the context of the Mongol invasion of Hungary.
By interlinking analyses of historically grounded literature with archaeological studies and environmental science, valuable new perspectives can emerge on how these past societies may have understood and coped with environmental impacts.
This thesis explores perceptions of earthquake causality in the accounts of twelfth century Syria and the ways that medieval views of natural disasters influenced historical writing.