“A translator is not free”: J. R. R. Tolkien’s Guidelines for Translation and Their Application in Sir Orfeo

While bemoaning his struggles with translating the Middle English poem “Pearl,” Tolkien declared to his aunt, Jane Neave, that ‘a translator is not free”: but he neglected to delineate the specific rules by which he believed translators were shackled.

A Promise Made Is a Promise Kept: Oath-Breakers and Keepers in Tolkien’s Middle-earth

To fully understand the statements about the degree to which Tolkien’s specialisation influenced his works, it is useful to know what Anglo-Saxon warrior culture represents.

The Hobbit and Other Fiction by J. R. R. Tolkien: Their Roots in Medieval Heroic Literature and Language

The body of this study presents the results of a survey of certain major medieval works in English, Norse, Irish, Welsh, French, German, and Italian, particularly those alluded to in Tolkien’s published scholarship and those suggested as possible sources in reviews of Tolkien’s fiction

Why Tolkien’s Beowulf is an ‘amazing book but a terrible translation’

In the spring of 2014 a translation of Beowulf by J.R.R. Tolkien was published. Last week, Andy Orchard, one of the leading scholars of Old English, offered his thoughts about the book and revealed that he will be writing his own translation of the famous medieval poem.

Teaching Tolkien’s Translations of Medieval Literature: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Sir Orfeo and Pearl

J.R.R. Tolkien, the medievalist who became the father of modern fantasy literature, translated many poems out of Old English, Old Norse and Middle English into carefully versified modern English

Simply Walking into Mordor: How Much Lembas Would The Fellowship Need?

The Fellowship of the Ring were supposed to travel from Imraldis to the forges of Mt. Doom in order to destroy the One Ring of Sauron.

Tolkien and the Viking Heritage

Much has already been written about the influence of Norse mythology on The Lord of the Rings. Less research has so far been done about how other aspects of the culture and history of the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons influenced Tolkien’s writing.

Riddles in the Dark Ages

Latin riddles depended on knowledge of a specific subject in order to be deciphered, while English riddles were often about common things like the weather.

The Anglo-Saxon War-Culture and The Lord of the Rings: Legacy and Reappraisal

The literature of war in English claims its origin from the Homeric epics, and the medieval accounts of chivalry and the crusades.

Trolls in the Middle Ages

Where did trolls come from? What did medieval and early modern people think of trolls? How did the concept of the modern day troll evolve?

J.R.R. Tolkien and the morality of monstrosity

J.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle-earth is Beowulf for the twentieth century.

Which Member Of The Fellowship Are You?

Happy twelvety-third birthday to J.R.R. Tolkien! Let’s go back to the Lord of the Rings and find out which of the brave companions are you?

Can you answer the Riddles of The Hobbit?

One of the most famous scenes in the story of The Hobbit is when Bilbo meets up with Gollum in the caves under the Misty Mountains. The two engage in a game of riddles, and Bilbo is able to escape with his life and a magical ring. Here are eight of the riddles they told each other – can you solve them?

Movie Review: The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies

That was one long battle scene – however, The Hobbit trilogy ends with a relatively good movie.

‘In the hilt is fame’: resonances of medieval swords and sword-lore in J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings

This paper seeks to illuminate resonances of medieval swords and sword-lore in Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, where swords and the lore associated with them play important, if largely neglected, roles.

The Hobbit: Which Member of Thorin’s Company Are You?

Are you ready to journey into Middle-earth one last time? Come celebrate the final film in Peter Jackson’s epic film series, The Hobbit, with us and find out which member of Thorin’s Company you’re most like!

Norse Elements in the work of J.R.R. Tolkien

The books of J.R.R. Tolkien contain multiple Characters, Places and Plots that remind the reader of Old Norse Poetry. This essay gives a short and incomplete overview on the most obvious elements.

What Is Your Middle Earth IQ?

Are you an expert on the vast and timeless worlds crafted by Tolkien?

How to Read J.R.R. Tolkien

Michael Drout, a professor of English and director of the Center for the Study of the Medieval at Wheaton College in Norton, Massachusetts believes that Tolkien’s immense and lasting popularity can be explained by a ‘perfect storm hypothesis.’

The Anglo-Saxon War-Culture and The Lord of the Rings: Legacy and Reappraisal

Considering the scarcity of the Anglo-Saxon influence in modern war-literature in general, one may wonder and stop by a work like The Lord of the Rings or Silmarillion, which few would be willing to categorise as serious war-literature.

Which Lord of the Rings character are you?

Some Tolkien fun – Which one of the nine members of the fellowship are you?

How Well Do You Know Gandalf?

Let’s see how well you know Middle Earth’s most powerful wizard.

A Song of Fantasy Traditions: How A Song of Ice and Fire Subverts Traditions of Women in Tolkienesque Fantasy

I will show how Martin is working against the tradition of marginalized female characters in the fantasy genre.

J.R.R. Tolkien’s Beowulf published today

Nearly 90 years after he first made the translation, J.R.R. Tolkien’s version of Beowulf arrives at bookstores around the world today.

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