Henry V, Flower of Chivalry

Henry V depicted in A Chronicle of England: B.C. 55 – A.D. 1485 (1864)

Kingship and chivalry were not separate constructs in late medieval didactic works, chronicles and biographies which praised ideal qualities like loyalty largesse, honour and above all prudence that were essential for both kings and knights.

The Visit of King Sigismund to England, 1416

Depiction of King Sigismund of Hungary from the mid-15th century

Though Sigismund grew up in Prague and was known elsewhere as a German prince, in England he seems to be recalled as a Hungarian knight

Why do historians disagree? A comparison of biographies of Henry V

Henry V

In this essay, I shall be examining what I feel are the main issues surrounding the problem of why historians do not agree whether Henry V was a good king.

The spider in the web: the weaving of a new, Lancastrian England in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries

John of Gaunt

Examining the political maneuvering of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his grandson, King Henry V, this thesis will show how the House of Lancaster wove the authority of both the temporal and spiritual realms into an inescapable web that enabled John of Gaunt’s direct descendents to secure their continuous position as heirs to the throne of England.

English Royal Minorities and the Hundred Years War

Detail of a miniature of Richard II giving the Duchy of Aquitaine to the Duke of Lancaster.

It has become commonplace in modern textbooks to base any brief account of the Hundred Years War on the contention that the chief cause was the dynastic dispute over the French throne between Edward III and Philip of Valois.

Prince Hal’s Head-Wound: Cause and Effect

King Henry V

The future King Henry V was hit by an arrow to the face at the Battle of Shrewsbury – how did he survive?

The military ordinances of Henry V: texts and contexts

King Henry V

We can be certain that Henry V did not invent the idea of disciplinary ordinances for his army, nor was he the last to issue them.

“Be waar, Hoccleue, I rede thee”: Intertextual Subjectivity in Thomas Hoccleve’s Petitioning Poetry

Hoccleve (right) presenting his work The Regement of Princes (1411) to Henry, Prince of Wales (later Henry V of England), from Arundel MS. 38

The way these operate can be seen in the section of La Male Regle from which I excerpted my paper’s title. It comes about three-quarters of the way through the poem when the narrator relates a first-hand account of how he and his Privy-Seal Office colleagues handle a night of drinking.

Modernization of the Government: the Advent of Philip the Good in Holland

Philip the Good

As I have shown elsewhere, the county of Holland underwent a structural change in the second half of the fourteenth century, when economically the emphasis shifted from agriculture to trade and industry and demographically from the country to the towns. The institutions however did not change.

The Efficacy of the English Longbow: A Reply to Kelly DeVries

English Longbow - Agincourt Archers

According to DeVries, historians (myself specifically included) who argue for the lethal efficacy of the longbow are committing the sin of technological determinism, and indeed ‘have done military history and the history of technology a disservice’…

A Norfolk gentlewoman and Lydgatian patronage: Lady Sibylle Boys and her cultural environment

John Lydgate

A Norfolk gentlewoman and Lydgatian patronage: Lady Sibylle Boys and her cultural environment Bale, A. Medium Aevum, 78(2), (2009) Abstract The poetry of John Lydgate (c.1370–1449/50) is often discussed in terms of the poet’s illustrious and powerful patrons: literary commissions for royal figures such as Henry V (Troy Book), Henry VI (numerous mummings and pageant poems), […]

Representation in the Gesta Henrici Quinti

Gesta Henrici Quinti

‘Not in the strict sense a chronicle or history, and certainly not a ‘compilation’, it is rather an original and skilful piece of propaganda in which narrative is deliberately used to further the larger theme.’

Continental Women Mystics and English Readers

Julian of Norwich - Statue of Julian on the front of Norwich Cathedral, holding the book Revelations of Divine Love

In 1406 Sir Henry later Lord Fitzhugh, trusted servant of King Henry IV, visited Vadstena, the Bridgettine monastery for men and women in Sweden. Vadstena was the mother-house of the Order of the Most Holy Saviour and had been founded by the controversial continental mystic St Bridget of Sweden, who had died in 1373 and had been canonized in Fitzhugh was so impressed by what he saw that he gave one of his manors near Cambridge as the future site for an English Bridgettine foundation.

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