A Possible case of Facio-Auriculo-Vertebral sequence (FAVs) in an adult female from medieval Iceland (13th–16th Century)
By Sarah Hoffman, Laurie Sadler, Trevor Totman and Lea Bagne
International Journal of Paleopathology, Volume 24 (2019)
Objective: This paper presents a possible case of Facio-Auriculo-Vertebral sequence (FAVs) in an adult female from Haffjarðarey, Western Iceland (1200–1563 CE) and a brief review of associated terminology.
Materials: The skeletal remains of a single adult female (HFE-A-34, 18–24 years old), excavated in 1945 by the National Museum of Iceland.
Methods: We carried out macroscopic examination of the cranium and mandible in 2017.
Results: Right side unilateral asymmetric craniofacial dysplasia was identified on the cranium and mandible of HFE-A-34.
Conclusions: This individual presents with anomalous craniofacial asymmetry consistent with a clinical diagnosis of FAVs.
Significance: This paper offers a visually distinct case of an under-represented and under-documented congenital condition for future identification within paleopathology.
Top Image: Map of Iceland by Max Naylor