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The Morosinis in Hungary under King Andrew III and the two versions of the death of the Queen of Hungary Tommasina

The Morosinis in Hungary under King Andrew III and the two versions of the death of the Queen of Hungary Tommasina

MARTiN ŠTEfáNiK

HISTORICKÝ ČASOPIS, Historical Journal of the Institute of History of the SAS,Volume 56 (2008)

Abstract

The youngest son of King Andrew II, Stephen lived in exile in Venice, where he married a local noble woman Tommasina Morosini and had a son Andrew with her. After Stephen’s death, Andrew was brought up by his uncle Albertino. Meanwhile in the Kingdom of Hungary the direct line of the House of Arpád died out. Andrew’s candidacy succeeded with the support of the domestic clergy. His succession was opposed by Ladislav’s sister, Maria wife of King Charles II of Naples from the House of Anjou. Aristocrats in the southern part of the kingdom formed the domestic opposition. Andrew was supported by his mother Tommasi- na and uncle Albertino from Venice. After ten years Andrew III had the situation firmly in his hands thanks to the support of the lesser nobility, but on 14th January 1301 he suddenly died.The official historiography based on the Austrian chronicle of Ottokar von Horneck holds the view that Tommasina already died before him. However, according to a less well-known version of the chronicle of Donato Con- tarini, she died in her native Venice a few years after her son Andrew.

The death of the last king of the Arpád dynasty Andrew III in 1301 closed an important chapter in the history of the Kingdom of Hungary. The extinction of the native dynasty meant the beginning of many years of struggle for the throne, during which the country fell into confusion. After years of conflict and uncertainty, the Angevin dynasty from southern Italy established itself and brought an exceptionally able monarch to Hungary in the person of King Charles Robert. The king coming from the “more developed” world brought his backward kingdom necessary economic reforms, which raised its economic level and made it a powerful player in European politics during the 14th century.

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