Another Look at St. Thomas and the Plurality of the Literal Sense of Scripture
Johnson, Mark F.
Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 2 (1992)
There has been no unanimity among interpreters of St. Thomas Aquinas as to whether he held a doctrine of the plurality of the literal sense of Scripture, and the chief reason for this diversity of modern opinion lies in the few texts in which Thomas broaches the subject. While at first glance suggesting a doctrine of plurality, these texts have not been thought to state it with a clarity that puts the matter beyond all doubt; scholars who have denied that Thomas held the doctrine have felt free to interpret his texts by other means, such as by his doctrine of theology’s basis in the literal sense, or of the inner and outer word.