During the 12th and 13th centuries the English peasantry experienced large increases in poverty and inequality.
The lord summoned the assembly on traditional dates, often three times a year. On the evening prior to the assembly the lord arrived at the village and received food and lodging from the peasants.
In his Historia Ierosolymitana, completed within one generation of the First Crusade, Albert of Aachen tells a curious story about some rustics, guided by divinely inspired goose and a she-goat to take the holy path to Jerusalem.
The last two sections will address this issue by dividing the material into two periods preceding and following the great epidemic. The interpretation that will be provided is heavily indebted to Brenner.
The recovery, however, proved to be too superficial for the continuing prosperity of either Gaul or the Western Roman Empire. The problems of the imperial government continued with little relief. The government still had to drive out and keep out the barbarians…
The archaeologically resolved theme of the medieval peasant house can be divided into three developmental areas, an understanding of which has various groundings, while yielding diverse results.
The first question, not yet raised in labour historiography, is about the impact of wage labour relations on gender equality.
The second question is related to the first one: what role did women play as protagonists of wage labour relations.
My paper will have two main goals. The first goal is to survey the historical evidence available for the study of real women who were affected by the war…The second goal will be to consider the theoretical implications of the representation of women in a discourse produced entirely by men.
The differences in the imposition of serfdom led to different economic and political effects for the peasantry in Europe. In Western Europe, wages rose, grain prices fell, and the consumption of meat, dairy products, and beer increased. More and more peasants moved into a widening “middle class” that could afford to buy manufactured goods.
For, to put the matter briefly, in the study of this as of so many other areas of mediaeval social and economic history, the question of freedom or liberty currently emerges as a problem of historiography, a paper curtain as it were, imposed by later centuries
The present paper will attempt to address these issues and outline the attitudes of the peasantry in regard to the potential of enclosing land and adopting convertible husbandry.
The most ordinary way to act during prayer was to stand with hands together, palm against palm, and to pray in the vernacular often using mental themes to enhance the devotion.
What were the causes and circumstances that led not only to the ebullient revolt in Southeast Europe, but also to ist relative success?
A reading of Malthus’s text reveals that his argument was essentially religious—violation of his “principle” of population was a violation of god’s will…
Although most historians would agree today that there is no authentic proof of the actual exercise of the custom in the Middle Ages, disagreements persist concerning the origin, meaning, and development of a widespread popular belief in this alleged “right” and the existence of symbolic gestures associated with it.
Since access to ancient documents was unobtainable, the information in this paper is based on the writings of twentieth century historians.
Utopia Pre-Empted: Kett’s Rebellion, Commoning, and the Hysterical Sublime Holstun, Jim (State University of New York, Buffalo) Historical Materialism, 16 (2008) Abstract In…
Female healers and the boundaries of medical practice in post-plague England Chamberland, Celeste M.A. Thesis, Concordia University, March, (1997) Abstract This study is an…
Feminine and masculine in the images of power. A study of the changes in visual political symbolism inSweden ca. 1350-1600 Berglund, Louise, PhD (Örebro University…
The Means of Agricultural Production: Muscle and Tools Bryer, Anthony The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century, Dumbarton Oaks Research…
The following essay is divided into three parts. The first presents a chronology of religious conversion and peasant history to roughly the year thousand. The second reflects on the methodological and conceptual issues raised by the evidence presented in the first part. The third then looks at peasant religion in Europe to the end of the Middle Ages.
The first part of this article introduces the manorial court rolls of Sutton-in-the-Isle and explains the methodology utilised to create a database of the business of the Sutton court.