Tag: Medieval Germany

Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI grants a pardon to Richard I of England
Articles

The Kidnapped King: Richard I in Germany, 1192–1194

In 1193 the rulers of Germany and England met for the first time in history.

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Hanseatic Cities
Articles

England’s First Attempt to Break the Commercial Monopoly of the Hanseatic League, 1377-1380

During the second half of the fourteenth century English traders first seriously threatened the Hanseatic League’s commercial monopoly in the Baltic. The League, attempting to defendits monopoly, treated the English unjustly,where upon in 1377 the English Parliament rescinded the charter that granted the League important concessions and privileges in its English trade.

Beguines
Articles

Herb-workers and Heretics: Beguines, Bakhtin and the Basques

During the Middle Ages and early Renaissance, the word beguine was used by women to identify themselves as members of a wide-spread and influential women’s movement. The same term was used by their detractors and overt opponents, with the highly charged negative meaning of “heretic.” The etymology of the term “beguine” and ultimate origins of the movement have never been satisfactorily explained.