The Chronicle by Thomas of Castleford, which was written in the fourteenth century in the Middle English vernacular, provides an intersting complement to other vernacular chronicles of the same time.
Although the donor portrait was extremely popular throughout Europe and mainland Italy during the late Middle Ages, the few art historians who have addressed the subject have concluded that the motif was not popular in fourteenth-century Venice.
All military historical logic indicates that Edward III should not have been defeated at the siege of Tournai in 1340. He had superior numbers, many local allies, good supplies, a relief army unwilling to come to battle with him, and a town on the verge of hopeless starvation.
Caught at an event wearing the exact same outfit as someone else? Well, what if you wore the same coat of arms to a battle? In 1385, King Richard II of England invaded Scotland with his army. During this invasion, two of the king’s knights realized that they were using the same coat of arms.
When we talk about the ‘crisis of the fourteenth century’, we are generally referring to a series of phenomena that have almost always been viewed as negative, especially when attention has focused on the evolution of the European economy
This phase of growth came to a stop with the Black Death beginning in 1347. Population declined, as well as agricultural and industrial production. The Near East suffered from impoverishment during the second half of the fifteenth century, according to Ashtor. Grain prices fell because of declining demand. Compared to the previous century, standards of living were reduced for the great majority.
A detailed study of the events between 1394 and 1402 shows that the Ottomans used in their assault upon Constantinople their proven method of blockading the enemy city for a long period of time, thus causing its surrender.
Cluster analysis was used to classify peasants attached to land in the 14th century Byzantium on the basis of 1321 property-tax cadastre that registered the landed property of St. Athanasius Lavra in Athos.
My focus will be on a few specific formal — that is ceremonious and ostensibly friendly — ‘deeds of arms’ described by Jean Froissart, a prolific 14th century writer with an intense admiration for ‘deeds of arms’ and chivalry.
The Wife of Bath: Sexuality vs. Symbol By Frances Beer Canadian Women’s Studies, Vol. 3:2 (1981) Introduction: In the figure of the Wife…
The fiscal arrangements for the prison, including the charges on prisoners and the provision made for indigent prisoners, can be used to obtain other information on such matters as normal terms of imprisonment, the composition of the prison population, prison conditions, and the fate of prisoners.
We are pleased to interview Dr. David Green, professor at Harlaxton College. Dr. Green has also taught at the universities of Sheffield, St Andrews…
A 24-page lecture from 1915 about a little known burglary of King Edward I’s treasure room in 1303. There remains some mystery of who did it, this real-life story has drama, interesting characters, scandal, cover-up, and provides a sense and feel of the times from a ground-up perspective. Includes a hand-drawn map and two relevant manuscript pages.
Until recently it was widely believed that feudal tenurial relationships sanctioned and facilitated the extra-economic exploitation of tenants by their lords. Together, the heaviness of rent charges and the arbitrariness of lordship discouraged and depressed tenant investment in agriculture.
Accounting systems provide not only quantitative information but they also have the potential to document the economic, social, and institutional context in which they have occurred.
Some New Christians managed to escape abroad, founding Jewish communities in Bordeaux, London, Amsterdam, and other cities (Azevedo 359-430). With the union of the Portuguese and Spanish crowns (1580-1640), the number of those who moved to Spain and its American colonies was so great that the word “Portuguese” became practically synonymous with “Jew.”
The study points out the close relationship between medical recipes and recipe-like passages in herbals (recipe paraphrases). The examples of recipe paraphrases show that they may have been perceived as indirect instruction.
Muscovite understanding of how the autocratic ruler and his subjects should interact with each other was explicitly expressed in ritualised con- sultations between the sovereign and his counsellors. In my work, I endeavour to answer the question of how these consultations met the ide- ological needs of the autocracy and the requirements of the state adminis- tration.