Danish Kings and the Foundation of Jómsborg

Jómsborg, the great stronghold and residence of that famous warrior band the Jómsvíkings, is closely related in the Old Norse tradition to numerous Scandinavian rulers and is also associated with several Danish kings.

Old Norse Ship Names and Ship Terms

The nautical language of the North Sea Germanic area is a very elaborate and rich terminology. This was no less true at the time I am dealing with, namely the period from the Viking Age up to about 1400 A.D.

The Heart of Dread: A Case Study of Fear in Old Norse Culture

The misplaced idea of the Middle Ages as a period of unmediated emotion is still popular. Yet, by studying both textual and material culture from the period, recent scholarship in the history of emotions has proved that this is not the case.

“How Do You Know if it is Love or Lust?” On Gender, Status, and Violence in Old Norse Literature

This article examines attitudes towards behaviour relating to women within Old Norse literature, focusing both on chivalric romances and the legendary sagas.

Freyja and Freyr: Successors of the Sun – On the absence of the sun in Nordic saga literature

Why is the Sun is missing in Nordic saga literature, considering its vital role in the religious life in the Bronze Age North?

A Wolfish Reflection: A Literary Analysis of the Werewolf Story in ‘The King’s Mirror’

Why has the werewolf story been selected? How should it be read and understood?

Researchers bring Old Norse language back to JORVIK Viking Centre

Old Norse has been brought back to life by researchers at the University of York through the voices of new animatronic Viking characters at the world-famous JORVIK Viking Centre.

Norse loanwords in Old and Middle Irish

It is my objective to detect what the semantic development of Norse loanwords in Old and Middle Irish can tell us about the language and social contact situation of the Irish and the Norse raiders and settlers during the Viking Age.

The Names of Islands in the Old Norse Faereyinga Saga and Orkeyinga Saga

The Names of Islands in the Old Norse Faereyinga Saga and Orkeyinga Saga Hilda Radzin (St. John’s University) Literary Onomastics Studies: Volume 5, Article 7 (1978) Abstract In the Old Norse language the word saga denoted any kind of story or history in prose, whether written or oral. Used in this sense, the word saga […]

How well do you know the origins of English words? – Part 2

Can you tell which English words come from Anglo-Saxon or Old Norse?

Making Sacrifices: Beowulf and Film

This essay reviews opening scenes in some recent film Beowulfs, which, although they have nothing at all to say about Scyld Scefing, suggest a sacrificial reading of the prologue and perhaps even the whole poem.

From Old Norse to Modern Icelandic

Thus the language spoken and written in Iceland today is quite close to what has been called Old Norse, such as it appears in the medieval texts.

‘Warrior-women’ in Viking Age Scandinavia? A preliminary archaeological study

This paper seeks to provide a new contribution to the debates on Viking Age women by focusing on a rather controversial notion of ‘female warriors’. The core of the article comprises a preliminary survey of archaeological evidence for female graves with weapons (axes, spears, swords and arrowheads) from Viking Age Scandinavia.

Old Norse Influence in Modern English: The Effect of the Viking Invasion

It is estimated that there are around 400 Old Norse borrowings in Standard English. These borrowings are amongst the most frequently used terms in English and denote objects and actions of the most everyday description.

Norse Rune code cracked

A scholar of the University of Oslo has cracked one of the rune codes used by the Vikings, revealing they were sending each other messages such as ‘Kiss me’.

The Colors of the Rainbow in Snorri’s Edda

In the second part of his Edda, the Gylfaginning, Snorri Sturluson gives a systematic account of Norse mythology from the creation of the world to its end.

Shadow and Paradoxes of Darkness in Old English and Old Norse Poetic Language

This thesis confronts, explores, and attempts to meaningfully interpret a surprising nexus of stimulating cruces and paradoxes in Old English poetry and prose and Old Norse skaldic and Eddic poetry.

Lexical imposition Old Norse vocabulary in Scottish Gaelic

Although few specifics are known about the historical daily patterns of interaction between ON speakers and Gaelic speakers in the Highlands and Western/Hebrides Islands of what is present-day Scotland, it is clear neverthe- less that the groups lived more or less side by side in that region over a period of several centuries.

Listening for the Vikings: Some Evidence from Etymology

The Vikings left behind several kinds of evidence during their stay in Anglo-Saxon England. Richard Dance notes that ‘one crucial aspect is the etymological.’

Novgorod the Great in Baltic Trade before 1300

The information on trade contacts between Novgorod and Scandinavian countries preserved in the works of Old Norse

“A Furore Normannorum, Libera Nos Domine!” A Short History of Going Berserk in Scandinavian Literature and Heavy Metal

The following essay aims to portray the history of the motif from Old Norse literature to its presence in today’s culture and particularly in heavy metal music. I aim to show how the motif is used to act as both a channel for aggression and as social criticism.

The Old English Rune Poem – Semantics, Structure, and Symmetry

The later runic alphabets do, of course, follow the basic pattern of the earlier Germanic Fupark though considerably modified by the late eighth century, decreasing in the number of runes in Scandinavia whilst increasing in number in the runic alphabets of England.

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