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The Ostrogothic Military

This chapter explores the place of the army and military organisation within the Ostrogothic kingdom.

The Mongol Invasion of Croatia and Serbia in 1242

The Mongol invasion of Croatia and Serbia constitutes a single, albeit extremely interesting, episode in the great western campaign of 1236-1242, so meticulously planned and executed by the armies of Batu, grandson of Chingis Khan and founder of the “Golden Horde”.

The Needle is Mightier than the Sword: The Effect of Embroidery in Medieval War Material Culture

Beginning in the early Middle Ages, military garments evolved from simple identifying clothing with little ornamentation, to richly decorated garments that reflected the increasingly complex – and somewhat artificial – heraldic composites.

Catapults are not Atomic Bombs: Towards a Redefinition of Effectiveness in Premodern Military Technology

Since at least the sixteenth century most historians have believed that the longbow significantly changed English strategy and tactics in the later Middle Ages.

The Soldier’s Life: Early Byzantine Masculinity and the Manliness of War

The Soldier’s Life: Early Byzantine Masculinity and the Manliness of War By Michael Stewart Byzantina Σymmeikta, Vol. 26 (2016) Introduction: The ancient Romans admired the characteristics that they believed allowed them to establish hegemony over their rivals. It comes as little surprise then that the hyper-masculine qualities of the Roman soldier became the standard by which […]

Thoughts on the Role of Cavalry in Medieval Warfare

Thoughts on the Role of Cavalry in Medieval Warfare By Jack Gassmann Acta Periodica Duellatorum, Vol.2 (2014) Abstract: This article explores the role of cavalry in medieval warfare starting with it’s origins in the Carolingian age, examining how cavalry was used as a strategic asset within the context of the period on at an operational […]

Maces in medieval Transylvania between the thirteenth and the sixteenth centuries

Medieval mace heads have often been ignored by scholars and many artefacts of this type lay unpublished and sometimes unknown in various museums even today.

Crenellations: Crowning Castles

Crenellations are one of the most recognizable elements of a medieval castle. These upright projections resemble teeth, bared at invaders to prevent their attempted entries and at allies to show the owner’s strength. Each upright section is called a merlon or crenel, and they protected defenders from attacks. Defenses could be further increased by the […]

The Roots of Fencing from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Centuries in the French Language Area

This article offers a partial overview on fencing, as recognized through archive records, as well as French epics and romances from the twelfth to the early fourteenth century.

The Tenth-Century Collapse in West Francia and the Birth of Christian Holy War

This paper will argue that although these two disruptive changes brought major shifts in European society, and fuelled contemporary millennial anxieties, they were also part of a wider context of greater changes.

Blink and You’ll Miss it: Medieval Warfare in Victor Davis Hanson’s Carnage and Culture

To prove his thesis, Hanson analyses nine significant battles fought between “western” and “eastern” armies, broadly construed. These battles, he states, were selected “for what they tell us about culture, specifically the core elements of Western civilization.”

Holy War – Holy Wrath: Baltic Wars between regulated Warfare and Total Annihilation around 1200

The Baltic crusades of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries were in principle aimed at converting infidels and establishing a new Christian plantation in the wilderness, but the contemporary narrative sources repeatedly tell of crusaders systematically chasing down pagans and annihilating them with the sword.

Depictions of Combat in Medieval Art: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly

Video of a paper given by James Hester at the 2016 IMC

Fighting to Win: The Art of Sword Combat in The Early Modern Period

By Danièle Cybulskie Usually, writing about the Early Modern Age isn’t my deal, but it was definitely an interesting time. This was the period in which men went around in puffy pants with rapiers at their hips, ready to duel anyone who ridiculed the puffiness of their pants. And if you’re going to wander around […]

Medieval Maritime Warfare

Charles Stanton uses an innovative and involving approach to describe this fascinating but neglected facet of European medieval history.

The Black Prince at War: the anatomy of a Chevauchée

These were highly complex, organized, and focused operations rather than unfocused raids with no other purpose but pillage and ravishment.

Medieval Warfare Magazine – Volume 6 Issue 3

This summer you can read about the so-called ‘Last War of Antiquity’. The theme of the latest issue of Medieval Warfare is the Byzantine-Sassanid War of the seventh-century.

Can you move in armour? An Experiment in Mythbusting

In this video we have recreated the deeds of the famous knight Jean le Maingre, known as Boucicaut, which were put in writing in the early 15th century.

The Battle of Hastings: A Geographic Perspective

The Battle of Hastings is one of the most widely studied battles in medieval history. Yet despite the importance that research shows geography to play in the outcome of such conflicts, few studies have examined in detail the landscape of the battle or the role the landscape played in its eventual outcome.

Climatic and environmental aspects of the Mongol withdrawal from Hungary in 1242 CE

The Mongol invasion of Eastern Europe, and especially its sudden withdrawal from Hungary in 1242 CE, has generated much speculation and an array of controversial theories. None of them, however, considered multifaceted environmental drivers and the coupled analysis of historical reports and natural archives.

Medieval Poultry, or A Recipe and a Battle Scene

What follows is not precisely scholarly, but it is one of those delightful byproducts of scholarly work that feed our curiosity.

Can You Identify These Medieval Weapons By Name?

Do you know the names of each of these different weapons?

Medieval Warfare Magazine – Volume 6 Issue 2

A new issue of Medieval Warfare Magazine is about to hit the shelves. The theme for this issue is the War of the Sicilian Vespers.

Friendship, Betrayal, War: “Soldier of God” Movie Review

A Templar and a Muslim; their strange friendship is the premise of this week’s movie based in the 12th century immediately after the disastrous Battle of Hattin.

Lost Battlefields of Wales, by Martin Hackett

In this book, Martin Hackett takes us on a journey through the military history of Wales, looking at the armies involved and the weapons they used.

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