Slaves, Money Lenders, and Prisoner Guards: The Jews and the Trade in Slaves and Captives in the Crimean Khanate

Jewish Slave Trader being presented to Boleslav of Bohemia

Trade in slaves and captives was one of the most important (if not the most important) sources of income of the Crimean Khanate in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries.

The Khazars did not convert to Judaism, historian finds


It has long been believed that the Khazars, a central Asian people, converted to Judaism in the ninth or tenth century. However, a new article concludes that the conversion never took place.

The Possible Reasons for the Arab-Khazar Wars


From the middle of the 7th century until the second half of the 8th century, the Arab-Khazar wars were fought by the Umayyad, and later by the Abassid Caliphate against the regional power, the Khazar Khaganate.

Jews of Medieval Eastern Europe migrated from Caucasus region, study shows

Detail of a historiated initial-word panel: Barukh (blessed) at the beginning of the benediction for the ending of the Shabbat (Havdalah ceremony). Photo courtesy British Library

Despite being one of the most genetically analysed groups, the origin of European Jews has remained obscure.

Assessing Khazaria


Assessing Khazaria Meerts, Paul (Institute of International Relations) IIAS Newsletter, #34, July (2004) Abstract The Khazars enter history in the fifth century AD. In the thirteenth, they disappear. Why are these semi- nomads, who reigned from the Caucasus and the Urals to the Caspian and the Dnieper of interest to students of Eurasian history? First, […]

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