This paper employs a unique, hand-collected dataset of exchange rates for five major currencies (the lira of Barcelona, the pound sterling of England, the pond groot of Flanders, the florin of Florence and the livre tournois of France) to consider whether the law of one price and purchasing power parity held in Europe during the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries.
What were the social and institutional factors that led to, and reinforced, the precocious emergence of Florentine commercial capitalism, especially in the domain of international merchant banking?
This paper examines how loans transpired in early 16th century Italy, taking a look at a specific transaction involving Lodovico Capponi of Florence and the Vatican in Rome.
A Tale of “Benevolent” Governments: Private Credit Markets, Public Finance, and the Role of Jewish Lenders in Medieval and Renaissance Italy
In Tuscan private credit markets, Jewish lending helped households to smooth consumption, buy working capital, and provide dowries for daughters.
Records of Italian bankers partially covered over fifty years later by traditional English crests
The money that the medieval English made conducted matters of state into the heart of society. The concerted quality of value – the fact that creating a currency connected public authority with every individual holding it – made that unavoidable.
The evolutionary dynamics of the credit relationship between Henry III and Flemish merchants, 1247-1270
Within England, the royal household was by far the biggest single customer for cloth,
wax and other high-status goods.
Early medieval port customs, tolls and controls on foreign trade Middleton, Neil Early Medieval Europe, Vol.13:4 (2005) Abstract The objective of this paper is to offer a fresh perspective on the nature and organization of international trade in early medieval ports from the evidence of documentary sources on tolls and customs, trading practices and controls on […]
The State as an Enforcer in Early Venetian Trade: a Historical Institutional Analysis González de Lara, Yadira (Dep. of Economic Analysis. University of Alicante) Paper given at the Fifth World Congress of Cliometrics – Venice International University • Venice, Italy July 8-11, (2004) latest version: April 13, (2005) Abstract Venice commercial rise hinged on her ability to do business with borrowed […]
The Medici bank is certainly the most suitable subject for such an investigation. More is known about it than about any other firm in Renaissance Florence.
Pope Eugenius IV and Jewish Money-Lending in Florence: The Case of Salomone di Bonaventura during the Chancellorship of Leonardo Bruni
Pope Eugenius IV and Jewish Money-Lending in Florence: The Case of Salomone di Bonaventura during the Chancellorship of Leonardo Bruni By Andrew Gow and Gordon Griffiths Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 2 (1994) Introduction: In his Eulogy of Florence (Laudatio Florentinae Urbis) Leonardo Bruni praised her constitution for giving first place to justice, “without which […]
Funduq, Fondaco, and Khan in the Wake of Christian Commerce and Crusade Olivia Remie, Constable The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection Washington, D.C. (2001) Abstract The arrival of the Crusaders in the Near East brought warfare to the region, but their coming also encouraged an […]
AN ENQUIRY INTO THE CHARGES AND MOTIVATIONS OF THE CAPETIAN MONARCHY BEHIND INSTITUTING THE FALL OF THE ORDER OF THE TEMPLE
AN ENQUIRY INTO THE CHARGES AND MOTIVATIONS OF THE CAPETIAN MONARCHY BEHINDINSTITUTING THE FALL OF THE ORDER OF THE TEMPLE Singhal, Chetan The Concord Review, Vol. 21:4 (2011) Abstract The Templars were a religious military Order, founded in the Holy Land in 1119. During the 12th and 13th centuries they acquired extensive property both in the crusader […]
Commercial relations between the Basque Provinces and England in the Later Middle Ages, c.1200-c.1500
Commercial relations between the Basque Provinces and England in the Later Middle Ages, c.1200-c.1500 Childs, Wendy R. (University of Leeds) Itsas Memoria: Revista de Estudios Maritimos de Pais Vasco, 4 (2003) Abstract Basque activity in England and English Gascony is visible from the early thirteenth century, but many English records of this period describe the merchants […]
The Resolution of Commercial Conflicts in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam (1250-1650) Gelderblom, Oscar (Utrecht University) Merchants in the Low Countries: The Organization of Long-Distance Trade in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam (1250-1650) (2008) Abstract Even if merchants carefully select their trading partners and closely monitor their behavior, chances remain that the other party walks away with either goods […]