Baghdad as a Center of Learning and Book Production

Why does Baghdad become some an enormous centre of book production – of literature and the physical production of books?

Traditio vel Aemulatio? The Singing Contest of Samarra, Expression of a Medieval Culture of Competition

The rivalry between two famous female singers was the topic of the day in al-Mutawakkil’s (r. 847–61) Samarra, according to the Kitab al-aghani.

Tremors in the Web of Trade: Complexity, Connectivity and Criticality in the Mid-Eighth Century Eurasian World

Events within a fifteen-year period in mid-eighth century Eurasia included the Abbasid revolution, An Lu-shan’s Rebellion in Tang China, and the collapse or emergence of empires from Frankish Europe to Tibet to the kingdom of Srivajaya.

How to Invade Iraq: The Mongol Way

‘Even a brief mention of it would be terrible to hear – how much worse its recapitulation in detail! Things happened which I shall not record, imagine them and do not ask for a description!’

Vikings raided monasteries to feed demand for eunuchs in the east, historian finds

In Byzantium and the Abbasid Caliphate there was great demand for eunuchs – a new study suggests this demand was being met by the Vikings raiding monasteries in northwestern Europe.

The Possible Reasons for the Arab-Khazar Wars

From the middle of the 7th century until the second half of the 8th century, the Arab-Khazar wars were fought by the Umayyad, and later by the Abassid Caliphate against the regional power, the Khazar Khaganate.

Comparing Harems: Abbasid and Ottoman Harem Organization

The following research delves into the organizational structures of the luxurious harems of Medieval Abbasid and Ottoman Empires; comparing the two different empires’ harems within the political, economic, and social spheres that the royal women lived in.

To Be A Prince In The Fourth/Tenth-Century Abbasid Court

This paper explores one aspect of the personal world that constituted the fourth/ tenth century caliphal court by focusing on the life and career of the Abbasid prince Abu al-ʿAbbas, eldest son of the caliph al-Muqtadir (AH 295–320/CE 908–932).

A Tale of two cities and the Abbasid Caliphate 132- 656 / 750 – 1258

Examining the role of Baghdad in the development of the Abbasid Caliphate.

Byzantium and the Arabs from the VIIth to XIth Century

During the seventh and the eighth centuries, the Arabs built their own empire within the eastern and western boundaries of the Byzantine Empire, obliging the two powers to coexist through war and in peace. How did they live together, or near each other?

Irrigation and taxation in Iraq 6th to 10th Century

Water management was crucial for agriculture in Iraq. The delicate ecological balance that allowed high soil productivity could be seriously threatened by irresponsible land administration.

The Romans as Viewed by Arabic Authors in the 9th and 10th Centuries A.D.

The reason why Muslims authors of the 9th and 10th century A.D. dealt with the history and culture not only of
the Romans but also of other ancient and contemporary nations is related to the social, political and cultural
circumstances of their age.

The Mediterranean Muslim Navy and the Expeditions Dispatched against Constantinople

The aim of this paper is to present an account of the information we find in various Arabic sources of the early period of Arabic historiography on the preparation of a military naval force and the expeditions launched against Constantinople during the period of the early expansion of the Muslim Arabs

Muslim City Life during the Era of the Great Caliphs

Baghdad and many other cities in this Islamic world were international melting pots that attracted entrepreneurs and intellectuals of many languages, ethnicities, and faiths, including Jewish astrologers and Christian doctors.

An Unknown Aspect in the Life of Al-Jahiz

This study focuses on homosexuality among men in Islamic society in general and al-Jahiz and his generation in particular.

Women before the qāḍī under the Abbasids

Women before the qāḍī under the Abbasids By Mathieu Tillier Islamic Law and Society, Vol. 16 (2009) Abstract: In this article, I examine the appearance of Muslim women before the judge during the Abbasid period (132-334/750-945), both in theory and practice. The cases involving women found in law books suggest that they came freely to […]

Narrative, Gender and Authority in ‘Abbāsid Literature on Women

Narrative, Gender and Authority in ‘Abbāsid Literature on Women By Pernilla Myrne (ORIENTALIA ET AFRICANA GOTHOBURGENSIA, 2010) Abstract: The ‘Abbāsid dynasty came to power after a revolution in 750, and ruled the vast Muslim empire until the 930s and 940s. This period has often been dubbed the golden era of Islam, due to its prospering […]

Portrayals of the Later Abbasid Caliphs: The Role of the Caliphate in Buyid and Saljūq-era Chronicles, 936-1180

While the caliphs lacked military power during the Buyid and Saljūq eras, they were not mere hostages of the secular powers in the eyes of the chroniclers.

The role of the ‘ūlamā during the ‘Abbāsid caliphate: with special reference to the period of Hārūn al-Rashīd and Al-Māʻmūn

The role of the ‘ūlamā during the ‘Abbāsid caliphate: with special reference to the period of Hārūn al-Rashīd and Al-Māʻmūn By Ismail bin Haji Bakar PhD Dissertation, University of Aberdeen, 1987 Abstract: A clearly significant objective of political Islam is to assist Muslims to establish a lawful government or caliphate which is in turn capable of […]

The Regicide of the Caliph al-Amīn and the Challenge of Representation in Medieval Islamic Historiography

Fifty years after its founding in A.D.762 as the ideal political center of the Abbasid caliphate, Baghdad underwent its first destructive siege during the civil war between the two sons of Haruin al-Rasid, al-Amin and al-Ma’mun.

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