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The Bolognese Societates Armatae of the Late 13th Century

The Bologna archives preserve the bye-laws of 24 „armed societies”, dating from between 1230 and the early 1300s, written in good notary Latin. Though known to exist in other Italian city-states, only few non-Bolognese armed society bye-laws are preserved.

Income and working time of a Fencing Master in Bologna in the 15th and early 16th century

Since ancient times, the master-at-arms profession has always been considered essential for the education of the nobility and the common citizenship, especially in the Middle Ages. Yet, we know nothing about the real standard of living of these characters.

The fall of Rome and the retreat of European multiculturalism: A historical trope as a discourse of authority in public debate

This paper examines one recent incident of the use of a highly charged trope of Classical history, the Fall of the Roman Empire, as a discourse of authority in current public debates on western multicultural policies, in relation to the tragic events of the Paris terrorist attacks in Paris in November 2015.

Nutrition and the Early-Medieval Diet

The food supply of the temperate lands of early-medieval western Europe, and the ways in which its peoples dealt with the central problem of feeding themselves, has been subjected to a variety of interpretations in recent years.

The Rhythms of Vengeance in Late Medieval Marseille

Interpersonal violence was common in late medieval Marseille, as it was everywhere in Europe. In the fourteenth century, the city was riven by warfare between two great factions involving some of Marseille’s leading families.

To Clothe a Fool : A Study of the Apparel Appropriate for the European Court Fool 1300 1700

This study endeavors to aid the costumer in search of the historical clothes of the Medieval and Renaissance court Fool.

Mapping Women’s Movement in Medieval England

Women, as a less-dominant group in all periods and most cultures in history, have experienced many forms of spatial limitation.

Mutilation and the Law in Early Medieval Europe and India: A Comparative Study

Such penalties, the rhetoric surrounding their use, and the circumstances in which they were prescribed sound very familiar to a historian of early medieval Europe, where the language and targets of such precepts were similar to those set out in the Indian material.

The defensibility of Irish Tower Houses

Recent research carried out at Queen’s University, Belfast has taken a slightly different approach to the study of tower-houses. Instead of looking at the tower as a whole, this study focused on one important feature of the tower-house – the door – crucial to the defence of the tower.

Nature during the Crusades: Physical and psychological affects from the environment in crusader narratives

As the crusaders were highly affected by their religion so also were these encounters with nature interpreted within the religious framework. Therefore, it is interesting to see how the crusaders wrote about these encounters with nature.

The Development of Merchant Identity in Viking-Age and Medieval Scandinavia

What, precisely, did a medieval or premedieval Scandinavian merchant do? What were the expectations placed upon them, and how did they figure into the broader society of the medieval Nordic world?

Mirrors of the World: Alexander Romances and the Fifteenth Century Ottoman Sultanate

The beginning of the fifteenth century offered a narrative link between the Ottoman and Alexandrine historical contexts that has been overlooked thus far.

A Renaissance Instrument to Support Nonprofits: The Sale of Private Chapels in Florentine Churches

The most important nonprofit in Renaissance Florence, the Church had two clear objectives: to address the needs of the parishioners, and to build churches in order to propagate the faith.

Recovering the Histories of Women Religious in England in the Central Middle Ages: Wilton Abbey and Goscelin of Saint-Bertin

Building upon the efforts made by scholars over the past twenty years to enrich our understanding of literary cultures fostered within English communities of women religious during the central Middle Ages, this article offers evidence of these women keeping their communities’ histories and preserving their saints’ cults through their own writing.

Archery in the Preface to Procopius’ Wars: A Figured Image of Agonistic Authorship

This article is a case study in the problems that can arise when a narrow interpretive lens is brought to historical texts by modern historians interested primarily in the facts of military history.

Under the ‘Romans’ or under the Franks? Venice between Two Empires

At the beginning of the ninth century, the Venetian duchy ran the risk of losing the autonomy that it had recently obtained from its former overlords, the Byzantine emperors.

“The quality of women’s intelligence”: female humanists in Renaissance Italy

This thesis examines how the advent of humanism in Renaissance Italy impacted women, namely those who were raised within intellectual families and granted educational opportunities not before afforded to members of their sex.

The Execution and Burial of Criminals in Early Medieval England, c. 850-1150

This thesis seeks to discover where criminals where buried after the Norman Conquest and examines the influences behind the changes in funerary treatment of judicial offenders.

The Experience of Sickness and Health During Crusader Campaigns to the Eastern Mediterranean, 1095–1274

This thesis proposes the reading of medieval chronicles, specifically those of the crusades, for their medical content. The crusades left a mark on the historical record in the form of dozens of narrative sources, but texts such as these are rarely considered as sources for medical history.

The Social Scope of Roman Identity in Byzantium: An Evidence-Based Approach

This contribution concerns a specific point that no one has so far elucidated fully with reference to the evidence found in the sources: What was the social scope of attributions of Roman identity in Byzantine sources?

Fierce, Barbarous, Unbiddable: Perceptions of Norse-Gael Identity in Orkney-Caithness c.1000-1400

The purpose of this Master’s thesis is to analyse the perceptions of Orcadian Norse-Gael identity as they are found in medieval written sources.

The War for Mercia, 942-943

This article examines political and military developments in the midlands during the reign of Edmund I, including the West Saxon king’s campaign in the Five Boroughs, the subsequent attacks by the Viking king of Northumbria, and the treaty between the two in 943.

Multi-Agent Simulation of the Battle of Ankara, 1402

In 1402, at the north of the city of Ankara, Turkey, a battle between Ottoman Empire and Tamerlane Empire decided the fate of Europe and Asia. Although historians largely agree on the general battle procedure, the details are still open to dispute.

Masks of the Dark Goddess in Arthurian Literature: Origin and Evolution of Morgan le Fay

The world of Arthurian legend is one steeped in mythology and magic. Such tales often feature perplexing and seemingly contradictory characters: a primary example of such a character is Morgan le Fay.

When We Were Monsters: Ethnogenesis in Medieval Ireland 800-1366

Ethnogenesis, or the process of identity construction occurred in medieval Ireland as a reaction to laws passed by the first centralized government on the island.

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