Baptism in Anglo-Saxon England

Drawing with coloured wash of the baptism of Balan in a tub by Pope Milon with 4 archbishops present, illustrating section 351 of the Chanson d'Aspremont.  - from British Library MS  Lansdowne 782   f. 18v

This thesis examines the lexical field of baptism in Old English. The lexical development of the field and the semantic development of the individual lexemes were evaluated: the verbs fulwian, cristnian, depan, dyppan, and the vocabulary for baptismal water in Old English. At every stage of the project, the linguistic data was correlated to theological, liturgical and cultural backgrounds.

The Medieval Magazine (Volume 2 Issue 20)

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This issue looks at the hit musical Hamilton, medieval expressions of same-sex love in light of Pride, the anniversary of the Battle of Hastings, medieval “friend requests”, travel and much more!

The sin of crime: The Mutual Influence of the Early Irish and Anglo-Saxon Penitentials and Secular Laws

Medieval Penitential - British Library MS Additional 30853   f. 309

One of the most fascinating questions concerning Medieval Irish and Anglo-Saxon society is not one about what was done when all went well, but rather, what was sought to be done when matters were not as they ought to be.

Travel Tips for the Medieval Pilgrim

medieval travel tips

William Wey, a 15th century pilgrim, gives his travel tips for those going to medieval Jerusalem.

Art as data: Studying corpses by drawing them

Studying corpses by drawing them

This paper addresses the potentials of treating art as data, drawing examples from my current research on corpse positioning in early Anglo-Saxon England.

Diorasis denied: Opposition to clairvoyance in Byzantium from late Antiquity to the eleventh century

Byzantine crescent - photo by  fusion-of-horizons / Flickr

This article treats the phenomenon of clairvoyance, the ability to know the thoughts of others that set holy men apart from ordinary human beings who had to make inferences from a person’s outward appearance.

Plague, Papacy and Power: The Effect of the Black Plague on the Avignon Papacy

View of the Palais des Papes in Avignon, France. 17th century

The plague came at a critical moment for the Church, and the papacy at Avignon did not adequately rise to the challenge.

‘Ill-Liver of Her Body:’ A Legal Examination of Prostitution in Late Medieval Greater London

Drawing by Antony van den Wyngaerde View of London - The Tower of London - 16th century

I will be examining how women—specifically prostitutes—were placed under male authority and marginalized in London and Southwark, despite the divergent legal practices seen in these two adjacent areas of Greater London.

The Battle of Hastings: A Geographic Perspective

Bayeux tapestry scene

The Battle of Hastings is one of the most widely studied battles in medieval history. Yet despite the importance that research shows geography to play in the outcome of such conflicts, few studies have examined in detail the landscape of the battle or the role the landscape played in its eventual outcome.

Climatic and environmental aspects of the Mongol withdrawal from Hungary in 1242 CE

A wet and cold period followed upon a few warm and dry years. The interplay of various environmental factors may have led the Mongolians to the decision to withdraw from Hungary. Red line: Summer temperatures derived from tree-rings in the Alps and Carpathians. Green and brown shades indicate soil moisture in 1242 CE. (Graphic: Ulf Büntgen/WSL)

The Mongol invasion of Eastern Europe, and especially its sudden withdrawal from Hungary in 1242 CE, has generated much speculation and an array of controversial theories. None of them, however, considered multifaceted environmental drivers and the coupled analysis of historical reports and natural archives.

Medieval Cooking Tips

Cracking an egg - photo by Daniel Novta / Flickr

From boiling vegetables to smelly pots, here are 10 medieval cooking tips from the 10th century.

Call for Papers: Medieval Studies on Television Screens

Call for Papers

For the 27th Annual Conference of the Mid-Atlantic Popular & American Culture Association, Atlantic City, New Jersey, 3-5 November 2016

BOOK REVIEW: Children of Earth and Sky – Guy Gavriel Kay

Book: Children of Earth and Sky by Guy Gavriel Kay

BOOK REVIEW: Children of Earth and Sky – Guy Gavriel Kay

The Medieval Magazine (Volume 2 Issue 19)

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Welcome to our first issues under new editors Sandra Alvarez and Danielle Trynoski. We’re bringing you a bigger, better issue, with more features, articles, books and travel than ever before.

Raiders from the North: Irish Enslavement during the Viking Age

Photo by Rob Hurson / Flickr

Both the interactions with the Irish as well as the enslavement of the Irish influenced Norse culture.

Before the Florin: The origins of Florence’s economic boom

Photo by Alejandro / Flickr

The minting of the gold florin in 1252 is commonly considered to herald the beginning of Florence’s economic boom.

Archaeological Landscapes and Digital Geography

Dominic Powlesland

Dominic Powlesland discusses the evolution of archaeological computing for research and publication: was it worth it? has it changed the past? could it have been done without the silicon chip?

Mediterranean Castle for Sale

Mediterranean Castle for Sale

This 14th century castle can be found along the coast of Calabria in Italy.

How to Cheat on a Virginity Test

Lovers in Bed - from British Library MS Sloane 2435 f. 9v

During the Middle Ages a woman’s virginity was highly prized. A lady was expected not to have sex until she was married, and that her wedding night would be a kind of test to show that she had remained ‘pure’. However, if she did have sex before, was there a way she could cheat on this test?

Medieval Poultry, or A Recipe and a Battle Scene

The Danish siege of Old Älvsborg Fortress in 1502, in a war between King Hans' Danish army and Sten Sture the Elder's Swedish army. Drawing from c. 1502 by the German soldier of fortune (Landsknecht) Paul Dolnstein, who himself participated in the Danish army. Photo: Swedish National Heritage Board / Flickr

What follows is not precisely scholarly, but it is one of those delightful byproducts of scholarly work that feed our curiosity.

A Man Must Not Embelish Himself like a Woman: The Body and Gender in Renaissance Cosmetics

Gherardo di Giovanni del Fora (Florentine, 1444/45-1497), Chaste Women in a Landscape, Probably 1480s,

In pre-modern Italy, cosmetics’ ideal backdrop was a pale complexion, apparently untouched by the sun’s rays to give the impression that one had the luxury of avoiding going about outside on any daily labors.

Worshipping the Dead: Viking Age Cemeteries as Cult Sites?

Viking Age grave field south of Borg (the Viking Stronghold) at Birka archaeological site on Björkö island in Lake Mälaren. Viking Age Birka and Hovgården from the from the 8th to 10th century is today a UNESCO World Heritage. Photo by Harald Faith-Ell, taken in 1926

The examined saga accounts demonstrate that when the dead are venerated by the living and when sacrifices are made to them, these acts of worship usually occur at the graveside and not elsewhere in the landscape or within buildings.

Private Force and the Making of States, c. 1100–1500

18th century map of Europe - map of Europe first issued by Daniel de La Feuille in 1702.

This chapter shows how the distinction between the public and the private emerges with respect to the use of force in conjunction with the long rise of the state in Europe.

A Clergyman out of Control: Portrait of a Bishop Around the Year 1000

Medieval bishop depicted in Eichstätt Cathedral - photo by Mattana / Wikimedia Commons

The following example describes Bishop Megingaud of Eichstaett (991–1014/1015) who was anything but holy.

Goodbye to the Vikings

Goodbye to the Vikings

Vladimir Polach talks about how scholars are researching the Vikings.

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