Here are six videos that track the rise and fall of kingdoms and states in Africa during the Middle Ages.
Ollie Bye begins with this video looking at the entire continent from ancient times to present, with every year being tracked from 600 CE:
Meanwhile, Prussian Mapping has a more detailed look at just North Africa starting in the year 643:
Jake Mapping has created three maps – the first looking at West Africa from the year 690:
The second map looks at the Horn of Africa area from ancient times, with year by year coverage starting in 896:
The third map just focuses on Morocco, beginning in the year 744:
Finally, we return to Ollie Bye, who created this video to track the Mali Empire between the years 1235 and 1610: