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Top 10 Medieval Castles in England

Top 10 Medieval Castles in England

Looking for a castle to visit in England? Here is our list of ten castles you can explore that have largely remained the same since they were built in the Middle Ages. We have left out castles that are now in ruins, such as the beautiful Bodiam Castle, and ones that have been substantially altered over the centuries, like Windsor Castle. These castles are also open to the public for most of the year.

See also our pages on Top 10 Medieval Castles of Scotland and Top 10 Medieval Castles of Wales.

1. Tower of London

Ever since William the Conqueror built the White Tower in 1078, the Tower of London has been an important place for English history. This complex remains largely how it looked in the Middle Ages.

2. Warwick Castle

Warwick Castle in Warwickshire dates from the 11th century and is now a major tourist site.

3. Dover Castle

The largest castle in England, Dover Castle has a history going from Roman times to the Second World War.

4. Hedingham Castle

Built in the 1140s, this is one of the best examples of a Norman keep. Located in Essex, it is over 100 feet tall.

5. Alnwick Castle

Located in Northumberland, Alnwick Castle is open to the public for about seven months a year. It’s main keep dates from the 14th century.

6. Lincoln Castle

An impressive Norman castle in the middle of the city of Lincoln, this was the site of two major battles in medieval English history.

7. Stokesay Castle

Located in Shropshire, it is considered one of the best-preserved medieval fortified manor houses in England. Stokesay Castle looks much like it did when it was built in the 13th century.

8. Orford Castle

Located in Suffolk, Orford Castle was built between 1165 and 1173 by Henry II. It’s central tower rises 90 feet high.

9. St Michael’s Mount

Found on a tidal island off the coast of Cornwall, St Michael’s Mount consists of a medieval church and castle.

10. Berkeley Castle

Located in Gloucestershire, this castle was built between the 12th and 14th centuries, and it is believed this was the place where King Edward II was murdered.

Visitor information for these English Castles

Tower of London – see our page talking about what to see and what you might want to avoid when visiting the Tower of London

Warwick Castle – is privately owned and operated

Dover Castle – is operated by English Heritage

Hedingham Castle – is owned by the descendants of Aubrey de Vere, who built the castle in the 12th century. Family members actually live next to the keep.

Alnwick Castle – the castle is owned and still lived in by the Duke of Northumberland, but the during the summer months most of the castle is open to the public.

Lincoln Castle – is owned by Lincolnshire County Council.

Stokesay Castle – is operated by English Heritage.

Orford Castle – is operated by English Heritage.

St Michael’s Mount – is managed in conjunction with the National Trust

Berkeley Castle – is operated by the Berkeley Castle Charitable Trust

Top 10 Medieval Castles in England



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