Beauty Illuminated: Illuminated manuscript paintings in Poland
MIODOŃSKA, BARBARA (Czartoryski Museum and Library National Museum in Kraków),
PALIŃSKA, ANNA (Institute of Art, Warsaw Polish Academy of Sciences)
Research in Art History Academia, No.1 (9) (2006)
The flakes of gold used in illustrating the initial letters in old manuscripts gave them a shining effect that gave rise to the name for such miniature paintings: “illuminations.” Despite their small size, these miniatures are rich in theological, liturgical and literary motifs.
In December 1423, Zbigniew Oleśnicki of the Dębno coat-of-arms became bishop of Kraków, thereby embarking on a quarter-century-long ecclesiastical and political career of great consequence for the history of the Kingdom of Poland. It also had a great impact on the history of Polish culture: Oleśnicki acted the patron of early historian Jan Długosz, whom he encouraged to produce his great Annals of the Kingdom of Poland.