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Archives for September 2010

The Black Death: End of a Paradigm

Against the assumptions of historians and scientists for over a century and what continues to be inscribed in medical and history texts alike, the Black Death was not the same disease as that rat-based bubonic plague whose agent (Yersinia pestis) was first cultured at Hong Kong in 1894.

Mystery of the Black Death

From the BBC Programme Timewatch First aired in 2004 For years, it has been believed that the Black Death, which swept through Europe in the Middle Ages, was Bubonic Plague. In the light of powerful new research, the true identity of this medieval killer has come under scrutiny. Timewatch explores whether the terrifying speed and […]

The Black Death: Catastrophe or New Start?

This paper is going to illuminate on the history of the Black Death, its transmission, pathophysiology, symptomology, various medicines proposed, how the medical theories present at that time justify the medicines/ingredients used, the disparity in what was available for the rich and poor and health initiatives that progression of the disease

The Great Transformation? David Herlihy, The Black Death and the Transformation of the West

The Great Transformation? David Herlihy, The Black Death and the Transformation of the West By Helen Louise Steele Published Online Introduction: It was an unprecedented disaster. When the Black Death swept west and northwards through Europe in the dark days of 1347–1351, it brought with it unparalleled suffering and death. With the demographic collapse came […]

Google Translate goes Latin

In news that will be welcomed by many medieval and ancient history scholars, Google Translate has added Latin to its list of languages that can be automatically translated to other languages. The website announced the news today in a post written in Latin, entitled “Veni, vidi, verba verti” (I came, I saw, I translated the […]

Ockham and Ambiguity

Ockham and Ambiguity Sinkler, Georgette Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 4 (1994) Abstract In the Sophistichi eknchi, Aristotle identifies thirteen types of fallacies or ways one can go wrong in arguing. According to Aristotle, of these fallacies, six come about in language, and seven are independent of language. The six in language can be characterized […]

Thomas Wylton’s Question “An contingit dare ultimum rei permanentis in esse”

Thomas Wylton’s Question “An contingit dare ultimum rei permanentis in esse” Trifogli, Cecilia Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 4 (1994) Abstract In his Questions on Aristotle’s Physics 8, Thomas Wylton deals extensively with the problem of assigning temporal limits to the existence of permanent things, as, for instance, of fire, of water, and of a […]

The Competition of Authoritative Languages and Aquinas’s Theological Rhetoric

The Competition of Authoritative Languages and Aquinas’s Theological Rhetoric Jordan, Mark D. Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 4 (1994) Abstract One cliche in the iconography of Thomas Aquinas shows the saint, abstracted, counting off arguments on his fingers. The image is quite clearly of an effort of memory, but we moderns are liable to mistake […]

Hakluyt Society books to be available as Print on Demand and ebooks

Ashgate Publishing has announced that hundreds of books from the Hakluyt Society Publications series will soon be available again, including many important translations of medieval texts. The publications are now being made available in a Print-on-Demand format, with ebook versions to go on sale starting in December. The Hakluyt Society has published over 350 scholarly […]

Natural Reason in the Summa contra Gentiles

Natural Reason in the Summa contra Gentiles te Velde, Rudi A. Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 4 (1994) Abstract A distinctive feature of Aquinas’s Summa contra Gentiles is the central role the author assigns to natural reason in his project of manifesting the truth of Christian faith. Reason is supposed to give a rational account […]

Creation and “Actualism”: The Dialectical Dimension of Philosophical Theology

Creation and “Actualism”: The Dialectical Dimension of Philosophical Theology Burrell, David B. Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 4 (1994) Abstract “Philosophical theology” is a descriptor coined in the 1960s by the contributors to a group endeavor, entitled New Essays in Philosophical Theology, which meant to bring the tools of analytic philosophy to bear on topics […]

The Polemical Context and Content of Gregory of Nyssa’s Psychology

The Polemical Context and Content of Gregory of Nyssa’s Psychology Barnes, Michel R. Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 4 (1994) Abstract In this article I will examine Gregory’s use of then contemporary philosophical psychology, specifically Aristotelian psychology, to support a pro-Nicene Trinitarian theology. Such arguments are offered by Gregory as part of his polemic against […]

The Church in the Light of Learned Ignorance

The Church in the Light of Learned Ignorance Izbicki, Thomas M. Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 3 (1993) Abstract The years between 1436 and 1442 were vital ones in the life and thought of Nicholas of Cusa, who entered that period as the leading conciliar theorist of his generation and emerged from it as a […]

Nominalism Meets Indivisibilism

Nominalism Meets Indivisibilism Zupko, Jack Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 3 (1993) Abstract Nominalists, it is said, are defined by their opposition to the needless multiplication of entities. For most fourteenth-century nominalists, parsimony was in the first instance a logico-semantic matter, raising the question of how one should explain the truth conditions of sentences without […]

Medieval Supposition Theory in Its Theological Context

Medieval Supposition Theory in Its Theological Context Brown, Stephen F. Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 3 (1993) Abstract In his Historia calamitatum Abelard recalls a dramatic confrontation between Alberic of Rheims and himself. During the Council of Soissons (1121) Abelard’s Theologίa ‘Summi boni\ at Alberic’s insistence, was being examined for doctrinal errors. Alberic, carrying a […]

The Red Queen

The Red Queen Gregory, Philippa Publisher: Simon & Schuster, August 3, 2010 ISBN: 9781439197172 Summary Heiress to the red rose of Lancaster, Margaret Beaufort never surrenders her belief that her house is the true ruler of England and that she has a great destiny before her. Her ambitions are disappointed when her sainted cousin Henry […]

Classical and modern hospitality: the Benedictine case

The example of monastic hospitality shows that contemporary monastic hospitality has its foundations in much earlier practices and anthropological accounts.

Underground Museum in Krakow reveals city’s medieval history

Krakow is opening its newest attraction — twenty feet under the main market square (Rynek Glowny). The new underground archaeological park will show off the city’s foundations dating back to the early Middle Ages, while multimedia exhibits immerse visitors in the ambiance of Krakow at the start of the 13th century. Visitors will walk from […]

Thames Discovery Programme

The Thames Discovery Programme is a community archaeology project, focusing on the archaeology of the River Thames at London England. The Thames Discovery Programme was launched in October 2008 and is designed to teach the history of the Thames to the general public, and to monitor and record the archaeology of the river. The Thames […]

Acre, Crusades get spotlight in international history conference

The city of Amsterdam played host to the 21st International Congress on Historical Sciences last month, bringing hundreds of historians together from a wide range of areas. Medievalists were well-represented with over a dozen papers dedicated to the crusades and the city of Acre in particular. The sessions were organized by Professor John France of […]

The Town In Service Of War In The Medieval Crown Of Aragon

The Town In Service Of War In The Medieval Crown Of Aragon By Donald Kagay Published Online (1997) Introduction: It is the purpose of this paper to explore the role of the town in the medieval Crown of Aragon as a source and conduit of supplies to the royal host. Before assessing these urban logistical activities, […]

Five Irish psalter texts

Five Irish psalter texts By Martin McNamara Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol. 109C (2009) Abstract: In 1973 the present writer published an essay on the psalms in the early Irish Church (from AD 600 to 1200). In this he reviewed the material available for a study of the subject and gave a more […]

Rural settlement and cultural identity in Gaelic Ireland, 1000-1500

Rural settlement and cultural identity in Gaelic Ireland, 1000-1500 By Tadhg O’Keeffe Ruralia, Vol.1 (1996) Abstract: This paper is an exploration of the processes and patterns of settlement in Gaelic Ireland in the first half of the present millennium. A number of themes are discussed: continuity of settlement type from the pre-Viking period, the changes […]

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