Barbarian Incursions: The Coming of the Turks into the Islamic World
By C.E. Bosworth
Islamic Civilization, edited by D. S. Richards (Oxford, 1973)
Introduction: In considering the role of the Turks in the transitional period of Islamic history – one which merits as much study by orientalists as, for instance, the so-called ‘crisis of the 17th century’ is now getting from European historians – we have to consider two main phases, the watershed between which may roughly be placed in the opening decades of the 11th century.