By Andrew Latham Introduction As the 13th century ended, two basic models of sovereignty – understood as the supreme authority to command, legislate…
How did this tradition of Papal Jubilees start in the Middle Ages?
During the middle ages there were conflicts between church and state. From 1294-1303 Boniface VIII and Philip the IV, king of France had such an issue.
How do you accuse a sitting Pope of being a heretic?
The three works of medieval history most clearly connected with the paradigm concept are Willemien Otten,’s From Paradise to Paradigm: A Study of Twelfth- Century Humanism and the essay collections Paradigms in Medieval Thought Applications and Medieval Paradigms.