2014 and Medieval Anniversaries

Battle of Clontarf

Historians like to look back at what happened exactly 100, 500 or even 1000 years ago – it makes a good reason to re-evaluate and study these events. We at also want to note the passing of these events – and throughout the year we hope to provide you with some features and articles about them.

Battle of Clontarf, oil on canvas painting by Hugh Frazer, 1826, I

July 4, 414 – Pulcheria becomes Empresses of the Byzantine Empire, remaining in power until 453.


614 – Siege and capture of Jerusalem during the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars, by a joint Persian-Jewish army.

January 28, 814 – Death of Charlemagne, Carolingian Emperor.

April 23, 1014 – Battle of Clontarf – one of the most famous battles in Irish history, where Brian Boru defeated the Vikings at the cost of his own life.


July 27, 1214 – Battle of Bouvines – Philip II of France defeats Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, in one of the most important battles of French history.

December 4, 1214 – After ruling Scotland for nearly 49 years, William I ‘the Lion’ dies and two days later his son Alexander II is crowned King of the Scots.

1264 – This marks the 750th anniversary of the Second Barons’ War in England, culminating in the Battle of Lewes on May 14th. This marks the beginning of Simon Montfort’s control over the country, which would end a year later at the Battle of Evesham.

March 18, 1314 – The last Grand Master of the Templars, Jacques de Molay, is burned at the stake.


Detail of a miniature of the burning of the Grand Master of the Templars and another Templar. From the Chroniques de France ou de St Denis, BL Royal MS 20 C vii f. 48r

June 24, 1314 – Scotland’s Robert the Bruce defeats King Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn.

November 16, 1414 – The Council of Constance begins – over the next four years the council would put an end to the Papal schism, condemns and executes Jan Hus, and attempt to limit the power of the Papacy.

Council of Constance - mid 15th century image