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The Christmas Eve massacre of 986

For the year 986, the Annals of Ulster records, ‘Iona was plundered by Danes on Christmas Eve, and they killed the abbot and fifteen men of the seniors of the church.’ What more can we learn about this attack and why it happened?

Women in Viking-Age Scandinavia, or, who were the ‘shieldmaidens’?

I will address two questions: a) how are we to interpret the descriptions of these war-like women in the past, and b) does the contrast between active pagan and passive Christian women reflect real changes?

The Snake Motif in Viking Art: 10­th – 12th Centuries

A guest post by Armstreet on Snake motifs in 10-12th century Viking art

Did People Ice Skate in the Middle Ages?

How did medieval people pass the time during the coldest part of the year? I came across several instances of medieval people strapping on skates and taking a twirl (or a tumble!) on the ice. Here is how it all began!

The Wolf-Warrior: Animal Symbolism on Weaponry of the 6th and 7th centuries

Decorative art in Scandinavia during the late Iron Age and Viking Period was largely dominated by animals in stylized forms.

Power and Politics at the time of King Harald Bluetooth, Denmark

He was the Harald that won for himself all of Denmark and Norway and made pagans Christian, and that is fairly easy to read, but what did he exactly say? What does it meant when he says he won for himself all of Denmark?

Historical Re-enactments: The Production and Design of Viking Festival Experiences

The main idea behind this study is to look into Viking festivals’ contents, characteristics and its concept development. Together with that we test out the Experience design model effectiveness for using in the event studies. I

From Raiders to Traders: The Viking-Arab Trade Exchange

In their quest for silver, the Vikings discovered and accessed valuable trade routes to Constantinople that led to an extensive trade exchange with the Arab world. Seizing upon the opportunity to enrich themselves, the Vikings came into contact with Arabic wealth and treasures through their raids, and soon realized the potential of a peaceful trade exchange.

The Use of the Lead and Line by Early Navigators in the North Sea?

This paper draws attention to the lack of information as to how early North Sea sailors navigated, particularly during the one thousand year period that followed Roman times.

The Making of a Legend: The Saga of Ragnar Lothbrok and the TV series ‘Vikings’

Thus neither The Saga of Ragnar Lothbrok nor ‘Vikings’ are immediately recognisable as straight works of history, although they both have certain strongly historical elements to their content.

Medieval Books: 5 Great New Releases!

Black Friday is around the corner – here are a few books that have just been released!

What Viking Weapon Would You Wield?

Use this quiz to find out what Viking Weapon you would wield in combat!

Understanding Torksey, Lincolnshire: A geoarchaeological and landscape approach to a Viking overwintering camp

Viking overwintering camps of late 9th century England have been excluded from most recent dialogues regarding Viking Age England. Although overwintering camps are directly mentioned in historical records such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, these sites have remained archaeologically elusive.

The Top 10 Viking Movies

YouTuber Listy McGee has created his list of the Top 10 Viking Movies

The Vikings and clothing accessories they brought home

New study on the use of imported objects in Viking Age Scandinavia

Rollo, Viking Count of Normandy

n recounting what is known of Viking history and the sagas which were written about in the Middle Ages, Clements tells the story of Hrolf the Walker, otherwise known as Rollo or Rolf.

The Scale of Slave Raiding and the Slave Trade in Northumbria and Ireland, 7th-11th Centuries

Slave raiding and the slave trade in early medieval Northumbria and Ireland were transcultural and inter-regional processes, involving the enslavement and transportation of people across permeable borders.

Reflections on Our Fascination with Vikings and What It Tells Us about How We Engage with the Past

What drives our fascination with these people who lived so long ago, about whom we know relatively little and yet who my students see very clearly and definitively?

Visual material evidence of Viking presence in the Balkans

The Swedish Vikings, who are known as ‘Varangians’ mostly in Byzantine sources, were present in the Balkans. They first carried out their military and trading campaigns from Scandinavia to the territories of European Russia, Ukraine and reached the Balkans.

Early Norse Navigation Tools

These two pieces of navigation equipment were at the time as cutting edge as the iphone, the ipad, and the GPS is today. They allowed the sailors to navigate large stretches of open water without sight of land and successfully reach their destination as safely as possible.

The Viking Age: A Reader

I can’t recommend it highly enough for anyone who is interested in Vikings, especially those who are creating classes or researching. Good primary source collections are hard to find, and this is definitely one of them.

Landscape and Warfare in Anglo-Saxon England and the Viking Campaign of 1006

The last twenty-five years have seen huge advances made in the way that battlefields can be recorded and understood through archaeological techniques, but these methods have only recently been accepted as a useful complement to traditional military history.

Buried, Forgotten, Disinterred?: The 1944 National Socialist St. Olav Monument at Stiklestad

In ‘Buried, Forgotten, Disinterred?: The 1944 National Socialist St. Olav Monument at Stiklestad’, Øystein Ekroll gave the audience a glimpse into a struggle going on in Norway as it deals with its Nazi past.

When Reality Becomes Fantasy: How Video Games are Hijacking the Middle Ages

“The Middle Ages is a space where White Supremecy is legitimised. The maintenance of white privilege. The gamer community use ‘historical facts’ to legitimise this kind of literacy.’

The Last Viking and his Magical Sword?

An amazing discovery of a late Viking Age sword – embellished with gold, inscriptions and other ornamentation – has now been revealed in Norway.

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