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The Statutes of the Teutonic Knights: A Study of Religious Chivalry

Codex Manesse, UB Heidelberg, Cod. Pal. germ. 848, fol. 264r: Der Tannhäuser

The purpose of this study is to examine the role of the religious military orders, and of the Teutonic Knights in particular, within the process of change in developing the concept of a religious and a Christian warrior during the Crusades, or, in other words, how the existing Latin ideal of religious retreat was adapted, blended and attached to the chivalric image of Western Europe in the Holy Land, as reflected in the statutes of the Teutonic Knights.

The Sumptuous Use of Food at Castle Marienburg (Malbork) at the Start of the Fifteenth Century

Malbork reno

The prestige role of luxury food consumption was particularly visible during meetings of an international character: Teutonic-Lithuanian, Teutonic-Polish or Teutonic-Polish-Lithuanian, to which the grand master would come accompanied by the highest Order’s officials.

Environmental Crusading: The Teutonic Knight’s Impact After the Baltic Crusades

Malbork Zamek Krzyzacki. Wikicommons

Environmental archaeologist and Professor of Archeology at Reading, Dr. Aleks Pluskowski, examined Malbork and several other sites across Eastern and Northern Europe in his recent paper, The Ecology of Crusading: The Environmental Impact of Holy War, Colonisation, and Religious Conversion in the Medieval Baltic. Pluskowski is keenly interested in the impact the Teutonic Knights and Christian colonisation had on the region. His ambitious 4 year project on the ecological changes in this area recently came to a close at the end of 2014.

Characteristics of Medieval Artillery in the Light of Written Sources from Bohemia and Poland

Battle of Domažlice, 15th century Jena Codex

Artillery appears in Central Europe at the end of the 14th c. and it starts playing a more significant role only in the next century.

Peter of Dusburg’s attitude towards the Holy Land in the Crusades Period

Crusader Map of Jerusalem

Peter of Dusburg, a monk and brethren of the Teutonic Order had been one of the greatest Chronicles writers of the Military Order. He had written his book ‘Chronicon Terrae Prussiae’ in Latin in 1326, during the tenure of the Teutonic Grand Master Werner von Orseln.

Cross relationships between Cyprus and the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem in the Teutonic Military Order Tradition

16th century map of Cyprus - Carte de l'île de Cypre et d'une partie de la côte de Caramanie, de Syrie et d'Egypte / Iacomo Frac. fecit.

This article will shed new light on the relationships and connections that developed between members of the Teutonic Order based in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and various elements of the population on the island of Cyprus.

Querimonia desolacionis terre sancte – The fall of Acre and the Holy Land in 1291 as an emotional element in the Teutonic Order tradition

Teutonic Order - Coat of Arms

Those Military Orders − the Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights, along with other Military Orders, had shed their blood across the Latin Kingdom and suffered many casualties in the final siege which took place in Acre between March and May 1291.

Environmental impact of the Baltic Crusades: deforestation, animal extinction, dogs no longer on the menu

Stanford Assistant Professor Krish Seetah and Reading University student Rose Calis analyze animal bones in the basement of Riga Castle, Latvia. (Photo: Aleks Pluskowski)

A multidisciplinary project seeks to understand the environmental impact of the Baltic Crusades. Horses, for example, aided the Christians in battle, while the castles the Crusaders built decimated forests.

The Battle of Tannenberg in 1410: Strategic Interests and Tactical Implementation

Battle of Grunwald from the Lucerne Chronicle (1513)

On July 15, 1410 the united Polish-Lithuanian Army destroyed the army of the Teutonic Order in the Battle of Tannenberg.

Empowering and Struggling in an Era of Uncertainty and Crisis – The Teutonic Military Order in the Latin East, 1250–1291

Seal of the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights

The Teutonic Military Order was founded in the Holy Land in 1198, where the already well established Military Orders of the Hospitallers and Templars were long active, with an ever-increasing military power and political infŒluence.

The Religious Orders of Knighthood in Medieval Scandinavia: Historical and Archaeological Approaches

Map of Scandinavia from 1467

Even if the various Orders of Knighthood reached Scandinavia somewhat later than most of the Christian civilization they soon became important religious institutions in Scandinavian societies in the same way as they already were in the rest of western Europe.

The Sword Brothers – Knights Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights

Templari_MatthewParis

Listen to the three-part programme The Sword Brothers, broadcast by the CBC radio show Ideas

The idea of Christian chivalry in the chronicles of the Teutonic Order

Tannhäuser in the habit of the Teutonic Knights, from the Codex Manesse

This thesis has as its subject matter the chronicles written by members of the Teutonic Order to describe and justify the crusades undertaken by the Order in Prussia and Lithuania in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

Colonizing the Landscape: A Case Study of Medieval Livonia

16th c. Livonians - Commoners

There are several impulses which led me to the history of medieval landscape, and particularly that of Medieval Livonia. When discussing with Gerhard Jaritz the availability of medieval primary sources on the Eastern Baltic landscape, I was obliged to point out the extreme scarcity of medieval picture images, illuminated manuscripts or maps of Livonia.

Maccabees on the Baltic: the Biblical apologia of the Teutonic Order

Teutonic Order - Coat of Arms

The Teutonic Order, came into being as the third and last of the great medieval crusading orders. The Order began its existence as a temporary hospital for German speaking crusaders during the siege of Acre in 1190.

Horses and Crossbows: Two Important Warfare Advantages of the Teutonic Order in Prussia

military orders

The combination of these two developments made it possible for the Order’s garrisons to withstand long sieges, provided they had sufficient supplies of food, weapons and crossbow bolts.

New Evidence for the Teutonic Order’s Bavarian Origins: Fragments Found

New Evidence for the Teutonic Order’s Bavarian Origins: Fragments Found By Dana Cushing Published Online (2010) Abstract: This brief article publicizes four little-known sources relevant to the history of the Teutonic Order’s first Grand Master, Heinrich Walpott von Bassenheim, for the purpose of notifying specialists and promoting further research. Click here to read this article […]

Images of the Military Orders, 1128-1291: Spiritual, Secular, Romantic

Whatever confusion may exist among the general public of the present day, the public in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries were in no doubt as to the character and function of the military orders of the Holy Land.

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