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Medieval Lisbon: Castelo de São Jorge

Above Lisbon’s skyline of colourful tiled houses and red roofs lies Castelo de São Jorge, a dominating, but beautiful, 11th century fortress in the heart of this vibrant city…

Access is Power: Financing the Second Crusade in France

I will suggest an explanation for why historians have been slow to use land charters as a primary source for the history of the crusades.

Anatomy of a Crusade: The De Expugnatione Lyxbonensi and the Lisbon Crusade of 1147

This paper will argue that the author crafted the speeches largely after the fact, and that Raol was able to graft ecclesiastical crusade theory onto the siege. In effect, he was able to marry a military success to the growing body of crusade propaganda.

Essential and despised: Images of women in the First and Second Crusades, 1095-1148

The image of women in the First and Second Crusades was inherently dualistic and oppositional. The evidence shows women who were vigorous and active participants in the crusades.

Hungary and the Second Crusade

The aim of the present study is to survey and analyze the role played by Hungary during the Second Crusade and through this scholarly goal it is to bridge the gap which can be observed in Hungarian historiography.

The Wendish Crusade of 1147

The so-called Wendish Crusade of 1147 was actually part of the Second Crusade of the same time period. It was fought on German soil, largely by Saxon Germans (some Danes as well) against the pagan tribes of Wends

The papacy and the crusaders in the East, 1100-1160

This dissertation attempts to illuminate papal policy towards the Crusaders in the East by an analysis of the relationships of: 1) the Byzantine Empire to the Papacy and the Crusaders; 2) the Papacy to the spiritual and temporal powers of the Latin Orient; 3) the Papacy to the crusade movement in Europe and to Christendom as a whole

Christian Society on the Second Crusade: Religious Practices in the De expugnatione Lyxbonensi

Throop examines an Anglo-Norman account of the conquest of Lisbon in 1147, De expugnatione Lyxbonensi, to see what religious practices we see in the text, including lay piety and the implications for crusading.

Second Crusade

Articles about the Second Crusade: Do We Know What We Think We Know? Making Assumptions About Eleanor of Aquitaine, by RaGena C. DeAragon Looking Back on the Second Crusade: Some Late Twelfth-Century English Perspectives, by Peter Edbury The Origin of the Second Crusade, by George Ferzoco The “Wild Beast from the West”: Immediate Literary Reactions in […]

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