The concept of chivalry, a traditional code of conduct idealised by the knightly class relating to times of both peace and war, dominated the medieval period and many of the scholars who contributed to the principle of jus in bello were in fact writing about chivalry.
Medieval theologians no doubt believed that God’s word was handed down from above; but they well knew that they often had to decide among rival human interpretations of it.
The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries are usually given short shrift by historians of education, who tend to celebrate
the twelfth and fifteenth centuries as eras of immensely significant theoretical and practical innovation in education and ignore the interval between.
Lull’s interest in the conversion of Muslims and Jews was central in his thought and the primary motivation for a number of his writings.