‘Protecting the non-combatant’: Chivalry, Codes and the Just War Theory

Medieval War - Royal 16 G VI f. 427v Civil war in England - image courtesy British Library

The concept of chivalry, a traditional code of conduct idealised by the knightly class relating to times of both peace and war, dominated the medieval period and many of the scholars who contributed to the principle of jus in bello were in fact writing about chivalry.

Voting in the Medieval Papacy and Religious Orders

Voting in the Medieval Papacy and Religious Orders - Papal ballot from the 16th century

Medieval theologians no doubt believed that God’s word was handed down from above; but they well knew that they often had to decide among rival human interpretations of it.

Innovation in Late Medieval Educational Thought: Vincent of Beauvais, Ramon Lull, and Pierre Dubois

Vincent de Beauvais

The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries are usually given short shrift by historians of education, who tend to celebrate
the twelfth and fifteenth centuries as eras of immensely significant theoretical and practical innovation in education and ignore the interval between.

Raymond Lull: Medieval Theologian, Philosopher, and Missionary to Muslims

Life of Raymond Lull. 14th century manuscript.

Lull’s interest in the conversion of Muslims and Jews was central in his thought and the primary motivation for a number of his writings.

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