The Viking Kingdom : Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church

The village of Jelling is in the central part of Denmarks Jutland peninsula and is a World Heritage site This is the burial mound of Gorm and his wife, the first King and Queen of Denmark. The other mound next to it is believed to be of their son Harald, Denmarks second King. There is a church between the two mounds. Just by the church are two stone monuments with inscriptions describing the origin of the Kingdom.

Denmark was a Viking country between the 8th and 11th centuries. The Vikings initially were polytheists. They God of the Sun was especially worshipped he was symbolised by flames. These are the remains of an excavated Viking ship. The shallow draft design allowed it to approach any kind of shore and also travel upriver and advance deep inland. The Vikings were originally farmers but travelled south towards the Atlantic Ocean in search of food and land. They conquered parts of England and France. Some even managed to steal and pirate their way around the Mediterranean.

King Gorm founded Denmark in the 10th century. He was later buried here as the First King of Denmark. This stone monument erected by King Gorm is carved with ancient Runic characters. It reads Denmark. The monument is the earliest recorded evidence of the countrys name.

This monument was erected by King Harald, Denmarks second King. It records a major event in Danish history. The monument was originally painted. The figure surrounded by the Viking decoration is Jesus Christ. It is believed to be the first composition featuring Jesus Christ ever made in Scandinavia. Underneath the image of Jesus is written, the King converted his nation into a Christian nation. King Harald built Denmarks first Christian church right here.

There was no more land left for Vikings to invade and the pirate-based economy failed to function. Denmark had to become a Christian nation so it could trade freely with European countries Christianity became widely adopted throughout Denmark and the Viking era was officially over by the end of the 11th century.

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