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Rural Fortifications in Western Europe and Byzantium, Tenth to Twelfth Century

Rural Fortifications in Western Europe and Byzantium, Tenth to Twelfth Century

By Mark Whittow

Byzantinische Forschungen v.21 (1995)

Introduction: In 1992 Рwarmly encouraged by Cyril Mango РHugh Barnes and I, plus a team of Oxford undergraduates, began what is planned in the first instance to be a survey of five Byzantine castles in the Menderes region of western Turkey.  One basic goal of the project is to assemble material for a corpus of Byzantine castles that will contribute towards a more reliable chronology and typology of these sites, but the end of the exercise is not a study of Byzantien military architecture as such.  Rather we see fortifications as a reflection of other aspects of the society which produced them. Byzantium is a relatively ill-documented culture, and castles are valuable evidence which we cannot afford to neglect.

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