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Ampullae and Badges: Pilgrim Paraphernalia in Late Medieval England

Late medieval persons who adorned their hats and cloaks with the traces of their pilgrimage visits grappled with many conflicting perspectives.

The Relationship of the Italian and Southern French Cathars, 1170-1320

The aim of this thesis is to answer two questions, namely why Southern French Cathars chose to flee to Italy
when persecuted in the early thirteenth century and secondly to assess the extent to which Catharism was a ‘universal church’.

The Audacious Metaphors of Mystical Women: The Model of Caterina da Siena

Religious education for women included spiritual meditation by which it was specifically taught to revive the life and passion of Christ. Caterina da Siena has been a model for many mystical writers.

Life, Literature and Prayer in Early Anglo-Saxon England

This thesis deals with the representation of prayer in literary texts from early Anglo-Saxon England, investigating the role of reading in the life of prayer and the various ways in which literary texts from the eighth and ninth centuries attest to cultures of prayer in this period.

The Spiritual Athlete: Elizabeth of Spaalbeek

Elizabeth stands out, though, in the sheer physical strength and flexibility shown by her ability to hold postures such as lying down with her head and shoulders elevated for an extended time – an incredible feat of core strength!

Monastic Reform and the Geography of Christendom: Experience, Observation and Influence

Historians have suggested that tropes about the desert, solitude, etc., drawn from early texts found their way into mainstream accounts of monastic change in the period c. 1080–1150; this paper challenges this model.

Cardinals and the War of Ferrara

The bestowal of a red hat can turn even the most humbly born cleric into an ecclesiastical prince, but whereas few cardinals of the modern era have been born princely, most of those created in the Renaissance period could claim to be of noble lineage.

Medieval Manuscripts: Epiphany in The Great Hours of Anne of Brittany

The Great Hours of Anne of Brittany is undoubtedly a masterpiece of French painting, as is fitting for a manuscript intended for someone who was twice queen of France: with Charles VIII and then Louis XII.

Aspects and Problems of the Templars’ Religious Presence in Medieval Europe from the Twelfth to the Early Fourteenth Century

What has been neglected in the debate on military order religion is a more focused discussion of how the religion of individual military orders was understood and experienced by outsiders through the ecclesiastical property these orders possessed and the devotional spaces they created and maintained.

Medieval Manuscripts: The Massacre of the Innocents and Flight into Egypt in the Bible moralisée of Naples

Taking a look at how the 14th century Bible moralisée of Naples portrays two episodes of Jesus’ life after his birth.

Early medieval writings of the First Apocalypse of James discovered

The first-known original Greek copy of an early Christian writing describing Jesus’ secret teachings to his brother James has been discovered at Oxford University

Recovering the Histories of Women Religious in England in the Central Middle Ages: Wilton Abbey and Goscelin of Saint-Bertin

Building upon the efforts made by scholars over the past twenty years to enrich our understanding of literary cultures fostered within English communities of women religious during the central Middle Ages, this article offers evidence of these women keeping their communities’ histories and preserving their saints’ cults through their own writing.

The Reconciliation of Reason and Faith in Gothic Period of Medieval Europe

The term Gothic refers to a style of art and architecture and to the period of their development in western Europe, which lasted from the middle of twelfth century into the fourteenth century in Italy and later in other European countries. During the period, there appeared one conflict-reason verse faith.

What Medieval Ghosts can tell us about the Afterlife

People in the Middle Ages told tales of seeing and talking with ghosts. While these encounters could be quite scary, it was also an opportunity from them to learn about the afterlife.

Sacred Values: Medieval Archaeology and Religious Heritage

Why do we value, conserve and interpret medieval sacred heritage? What is the potential significance of medieval archaeology to contemporary social issues surrounding religious identity, and how does this impact on archaeology? 

A Rabbi, a Priest, and an Imam Walk into a Coffee Shop: Talking about Other People’s Religions in the Middle Ages

This lecture focuses on three medieval scholars – one rabbi, one priest, and one imam – who had a lot to say about their rival religions, arguing that there is much more going on when they did so than just ugly denunciation.

Did Crusaders get Tattoos? Devotional Symbols and Practices in Medieval Europe and the Holy Land

I explore what appears to be a largely overlooked aspect of devotional practice associated with the medieval crusading movement.

Christ as Priest in Byzantine church decoration of the 11th and 12th centuries

The 11th century was a watershed in the Byzantine church decoration.

Did everyone believe in religion in medieval Europe?

One common idea about medieval Europe was that everyone were firm believers in religion. If you were a Christian, then you accepted your faith without question.

No Strings Attached: Emotional Interaction with Animated Sculptures of Crucified Christ

Such life-size Christs were not just the stuff of dreams (or nightmares), but have existed in Europe throughout the middle ages – massive wooden bodies, from the size of a small adult up to three metres tall, were habitually hung on the crosses above the nave.

Private Passions: The Contemplation of Suffering in Medieval Affective Devotions

This dissertation examines the representation of suffering in medieval affective devotional texts.

Virtual Pilgrimage through the Jerusalem Cityscape

This essay considers a group of images depicting the Passion that are, at one level, quite disparate: they are executed in different media, in vastly different sizes, and with different target audiences.

Fish on Friday I: Economic Blessing or Dietary Sacrifice?

A lack of red meat on the medieval table meant the diners were having a humble meal, and fish was a convenient substitute protein.

Book Review: A Medieval Woman’s Companion by Susan Signe Morrison

Susan Signe Morrison’s book, “A Medieval Woman’s Companion” brings the contributions of medieval women, famous and obscure, to the forefront in this fantastic introductory text.

A Garden Enclosed, A Fountain Sealed Up: Paradoxical and Generative Metaphors of Enclosure in Medieval Female Anchoritism

The anchoritic life was a particular manifestation of the secluded or eremitical life.

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