Medieval Approaches to Consciousness: Ockham and Chatton

In this paper, my aim is to advance our understanding of medieval approaches to consciousness by focusing on a particular but, as it seems to me, representative medieval debate — one which has, as its locus, a particular concern about self knowledge.

Emotions and Cognitions : Fourteenth-Century Discussions on the Passions of the Soul

Medieval philosophers clearly recognized that emotions are not simply “raw feelings” but complex mental states that include cognitive components. They analyzed these components both on the sensory and on the intellectual level, paying particular attention to the different types of cognition that are involved.

Faith and reason: charting the medieval concept of the infinite

I would like to start with some assumptions. First, I take it for granted that the apposition of negative terms to the Almighty God became quite early an accepted practice in Christianity, which caused in turn that the infinite, as an opposite term to something easily convenient to positive delineation, was admitted in the repertoire of God’s adverbial description.

The Failure of Ockham’s Nominalism

In this paper I want to explore the reasons for Ockham’s surprising vacillation—not as an historical or biographical exercise, but to uncover the insights which nourished his positive views about nominalism and which also cast him into such uncertainty.

Ockham on the Concept

Ockham on the Concept Boler, John (University of Washington) Medieval Philosophy and Theology 11 (2003) Abstract It is a commonplace of Ockham commentary that he changed his position on what concepts are. While I see no reason to question the general lines of the familiar story, I do think there are some interesting details along […]

How Is Material Supposition Possible?

How Is Material Supposition Possible? Read, Stephen (University of St. Andrews) Medieval Philosophy and Theology 8 (1999) Abstract In an insightful article on the medieval theory of supposition, Elizabeth Karger noted a remarkable development in the characterization of the material mode of supposition between William of Ockham and his contemporaries in the early fourteenth century […]

Nicholas of Autrecourt and William of Ockham on Atomism, Nominalism, and the Ontology of Motion

Nicholas of Autrecourt and William of Ockham on Atomism, Nominalism, and the Ontology of Motion Dutton, Blake D. Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 5, no. 1 (1996) Abstract Nicholas of Autrecourt has been of interest to scholars primarily because of his place within the skeptical currents of fourteenth-century philosophy. However, just as there has been […]

Ockham and Ambiguity

Ockham and Ambiguity Sinkler, Georgette Medieval Philosophy and Theology, vol. 4 (1994) Abstract In the Sophistichi eknchi, Aristotle identifies thirteen types of fallacies or ways one can go wrong in arguing. According to Aristotle, of these fallacies, six come about in language, and seven are independent of language. The six in language can be characterized […]

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