Medieval Oslo recreated on Minecraft

minecraft medieval oslo

A new Youtube video is showing the results of a project by history students at the University of Oslo where they recreate how a city looked in the Middle Ages. ‘Oslo recreated to year 1300′ was made by undergraduates taking part in the university’s Oslo in the Middle Ages course under John McNicol. The project involved […]

The Mad Norse King

King Sigurðr depicted by Gerhard Munthe (1849–1929)

What happens when the mental health of a medieval King of Norway declines and falls into madness? The story of Sigurðr the Crusader, who reigned for over 25 years, reveals a fascinating account of mental illness from the 12th century.

13th century insult discovered etched into the walls of Nidaros Cathedral

Photo by Asbjørn Svarstad /   Dagbladet News


King Sverre on Drunkenness

broken bottle - photo by Jonathan Cohen / Flickr

Sverre Sigurdsson, a medieval King of Norway, tells his followers about the dangers of overdrinking.

Buried, Forgotten, Disinterred?: The 1944 National Socialist St. Olav Monument at Stiklestad

Najsonal Samling Recruitment poster showing St. Olav's shield and using Viking imagery. Photo courtesy of

In ‘Buried, Forgotten, Disinterred?: The 1944 National Socialist St. Olav Monument at Stiklestad’, Øystein Ekroll gave the audience a glimpse into a struggle going on in Norway as it deals with its Nazi past.

The Last Viking and his Magical Sword?

viking magic sword - Photo: Ellen C. Holthe, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo

An amazing discovery of a late Viking Age sword – embellished with gold, inscriptions and other ornamentation – has now been revealed in Norway.

Deviant Burials: Societal Exclusion of Dead Outlaws in Medieval Norway

Decapitation scene is from a text written by Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini (1405–1464)

Deviant Burials: Societal Exclusion of Dead Outlaws in Medieval Norway By Anne Irene Riisøy COLLeGIUM: Studies across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.18 (2015) Abstract: In Norway, an outlaw was “placed outside the law” and, after the introduction of Christianity in the eleventh century, the worst kinds of outlaws, perpetrators described in terms revolving […]

Small doors on the Viking age: The Anglo-Saxon coins in Norway project

King  Aethelred II Penny - Numisantica (

Dr Elina Screen here discusses her work on the ‘Anglo-Saxon Coins in Norway’ project – a collaboration between the British Academy’s Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles (SCBI) research project and the Norwegian partner museums.

Trolls in the Middle Ages


Where did trolls come from? What did medieval and early modern people think of trolls? How did the concept of the modern day troll evolve?

Early Medieval Tunic recreated in Norway

One of our aims in reconstructing the tunic is to learn more about how the textile was made, how time-consuming it was to make, and how the wool was used, explains Marianne Vedeler. Photo: Yngve Vogt

A few years ago, the oldest known piece of clothing ever discovered in Norway, a tunic dating from the Iron Age, was found on a glacier in Breheimen. Now about to be reconstructed using Iron Age textile techniques, it is hoped the tunic will inspire Norwegian fashion designers.

The Names of Islands in the Old Norse Faereyinga Saga and Orkeyinga Saga

Picture of King Harald from the 14th century Icelandic manuscript Flateyjarbók.

The Names of Islands in the Old Norse Faereyinga Saga and Orkeyinga Saga Hilda Radzin (St. John’s University) Literary Onomastics Studies: Volume 5, Article 7 (1978) Abstract In the Old Norse language the word saga denoted any kind of story or history in prose, whether written or oral. Used in this sense, the word saga […]

Of sagas and sheep: Toward a historical anthropology of social change and production for market, subsistence and tribute in early Iceland

Medieval hunt - images of sheep

This dissertation deals with the formation of chiefdoms, communities, ecclesiastical institutions and state, and with production for market, subsistence and tribute in early Iceland in the context of climatic change and ecological succession.

1,300 year old ski discovered in Norway

medieval ski - photo courtesy Oppland County

As glaciers in Norway melted this summer, 390 artefacts dating back to over 6,000 years ago have emerged from the ice. This includes a 1,300 year old ski, a rune stick and ancient arrows.

Fast and Feast – Christianization through the Regulation of Everyday Life

Haakon Jarl (Haakon Sigurdsson) was given missionaries by the king of Denmark, but before departure, Haakon sent the missionaries back.

This article will illustrate that an important part of rulers’ wish to create a Christian society was the introduction of Christian legislation.

Vassals or Vikings?: Orkney‘s identity in the changing Norwegian world (1151-1206)

orkney islands

Throughout the Middle Ages, the Jarldom of Orkney and Caithness maintained a fine balance between its geographical proximity to the Scottish mainland and its political and cultural proximity to the kingdom of Norway.

The Baltic Frontier: Why were there no Norwegian crusades in the Baltic?

Early Modern Scandinavia

In this paper I will focus on some of the reasons why Norwegian interests in the 12th and 13th century differed from that of the other Scandinavian and German ambitions in the Baltic region.

Dreams in Old Norse-Icelandic Royal Biographies as Representations of the Dynastic Identity: The Case of the Fairhair Dynasty

Harald Fairhair

King Hálfdan dreams one day, in a pigsty, that he becomes a man with the finest hair, although the color and length of each ringlet vary. One curl excels in color, brightness and length, signifying St. Olaf, national saint of Norway.

How Nordic are the old Nordic Laws?

Carta Marina

Medieval legislation plays a peculiar and very important role in Nordic legal history.

The Wolf Miracle in Magnuss saga lengri


The account of the consumption and regurgitation by wolves of a murdered man, before he is revived by Saint Magnus, is to be found at the very end of the series of miracles tales which concludes Magnuss saga lengri

Anglo Saxon and Viking Ship Burial – The British Museum

Oseberg Viking ship

This session explores Viking and Anglo Saxon ship burials between the seventh and tenth centuries presented at The British Museum.

The King in Disguise: An International Popular Tale in Two Old Icelandic Adaptations

Iceland - sagas

The following essay is intended as a contribution to the current reassessment of the rela- tionship of Old Icelandic saga literature to the European mainstream and of the ways of literary tradition in dealing with oral sources.

Primstav and Apocalypse Time and its Reckoning in Medieval Scandinavia

Primstav - Runic Calendar - Museum of History in Lund, Sweden.

This work is intended as an exploration of methods of time-reckoning and conception in Medieval Scandinavia. In the main this is tied to the dynamism between a duality: that of the cyclical and linear models of time‟s progression. Involved in this study are sources verbal and pictoral.

From Asset in War to Asset in Diplomacy: Orkney in the Medieval Realm of Norway

James III of Scotland & Margaret of Denmark - 1468

This paper looks at how Orkney figured in Norwegian royal strategies in the west and presents key examples which show its transition from a tool of war to a forum for peace.

Margaret, Maid of Norway and Queen of Scots

margaret maid of norway

Margaret was called Queen but was never crowned. She was known as Lady of Scotland, Margaret of Scotland and the Maid of Norway. The story of her life is very poignant and short lived.

Bjarmaland and interaction in the North of Europe from the Viking Age until the Early Middle Ages


This article intends to look at interaction in the very north of early medi- eval Europe with Bjarmaland as a starting point. After a short introduction to sources and historiography about Bjarmaland, the main content of the sources will be shortly discussed in order to establish what kind of informa- tion the written sources have to offer.

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