Crafting the Perfect Army: Innovation and the Assizes of Arms in Plantagenet England

Prince Edward and his army - from British Library Harley 1766   f. 259v

Daniel Franke, Assistant Professor for medieval and military history at the United States Military Academy, examines military obligation towards English rulers and how the crown raised armies for their campaigns against enemies such as France and Scotland.

Enumerating the Battles, Skirmishes, and Naval Actions at the Siege of Acre

Philip Augustus and Richard I receiving the surrender of Acre

Hosler examines the many episodes during the siege, which involved Saladin’s Egyptian and Syrian troops, fighting against crusader forces that were eventually joined by kings Philip Augustus and Richard I.

Defenders of the Faith: Augustine, Aquinas, and the Evolution of Medieval Just War Theory

medieval warfare -  Mediaeval and modern history (1905)

Christianity has always had a difficult relationship with the concept of war. After all, it is impossible to follow Christ’s command to ‘love one’s neighbor’ on the battlefield.

What sword would you use in the Medieval or Renaissance eras?

which sword

You need to wield a mighty blade in the Middle Ages. What kind will it be?

What Melee Weapon Would You Use On A Medieval Battlefield?

which melee weapon

Discover which weapon would be best for you during a medieval battle!

The Secret Attack on Gallipoli in 1473

Ottoman Gallipoli - painting by Antoine-Laurent Castellan (1772–1838)

During the Venetian-Ottoman wars, a group of seven men attempted a secret attack on the Ottoman base at Gallipoli. The attack did not go completely as planned…

Paying the Army in the Theodosian Period

late roman soldiers - photo by G.dallorto / Wikicommons

Calculating how much the army was paid during the Theodosian period is more difficult than calculating the army’s pay about a century earlier or later.

The Military Legacy of Richard the Lionheart

Statue of Richard the Lionheart - photo by wim hoppenbrouwers / Flickr

Authors look back at the entirety of the reign and reach two common conclusions: 1) he was a neglectful and mostly-absent ruler of England, but 2) he attained spectacular success in war, which was, after all, his primary interest.

Which Historic Military Leader Are YOU Most Like?

Julius Caesar - photo by Carlos Brena

Julius Caesar, Sun Tzu, Horatio Nelson – make these four tactical decisions and see which military leader you would compare to!

13th-century Mongol sabre discovered in Russia

Mongol sabre - image courtesy Yaroslavl State Museum

While Russian archaeologists were conducting a routine examination of an old sabre unearthed seven years ago in Yaroslavl, they discovered that the weapon dates back to the 13th century, making it to be oldest crucible steel weapon in East Europe.

Lasting Falls and Wishful Recoveries: Crusading in the Black Sea Region after the Fall of Constantinople

16th century map of the Black Sea

This paper examines the Black Sea question in the second half of the 15th century, with special emphasis on crusading and religious questions.

The Defensive Role of Church Round Towers: A Re-Assessment

St Peter's church, Bruisyard, Suffolk  - Wikicommons

Towers were erected essentially to house church bells so was the defensive roll of the tower incidental to that roll or integral to its purpose?

Crusading Warfare, Chivalry, and the Enslavement of Women and Children

"Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, 15th July 1099", (oil on canvas), Signol, Emile (1804-92) / Château de Versailles, France / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library

The subject of the treatment of prisoners taken in crusading warfare, long neglected, has attracted considerable interest in the last fifteen years, but more can still be said, particularly on the ways in which crusaders dealt with their enemies’ women and children, the archetypal non-combatants.

The Expansion of Christendom: Crusading in Northern Europe, 1147 – 1415

Teutonic Knights - by Wojciech Kossak (1857–1942)

Between 1147 and 1415 holy wars raged in the lands on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe.

King Edmund Ironside

Battle of Assandun - Edmund Ironside and Canute the Dane

It was the early eleventh century and England was being overrun by Vikings

De Valette’s Battlesword

Jean Parisot de Valette

This Hospitaller sword is shrouded in mystery, but it is well known and it is, in any case, still in Malta.

Medieval Warfare Magazine – Volume V Issue 2

Medieval Warfare Magazine – Volume V Issue 2

This issue’s theme is The Campaigns of Charlemagne

The Life of St. Sabas the Younger as a Source for The History of the Catalan Grand Company

grand catalan company

A piece of Byzantine hagiography from the fourteenth century which, in spite of its religious character, is a valuable source for the history of the Catalan Grand Company, Roger de Flor’s famous band of Spanish mercenaries hired by the Byzantine emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos (1282-1328) to fight the Turks in Anatolia.

William the Conqueror and the Harrying of the North

William the Conqueror and the Harrying of the North

This lecture examines the events leading up to the Harrying of the North and the impact of this event on the North of England.

Quiz: The Battles of the Wars of the Roses

battles of the wars of the roses

How well do you know your timelines – can you correctly place in order these nine battles from the Wars of the Roses?

Environmental Crusading: The Teutonic Knight’s Impact After the Baltic Crusades

Malbork Zamek Krzyzacki. Wikicommons

Environmental archaeologist and Professor of Archeology at Reading, Dr. Aleks Pluskowski, examined Malbork and several other sites across Eastern and Northern Europe in his recent paper, The Ecology of Crusading: The Environmental Impact of Holy War, Colonisation, and Religious Conversion in the Medieval Baltic. Pluskowski is keenly interested in the impact the Teutonic Knights and Christian colonisation had on the region. His ambitious 4 year project on the ecological changes in this area recently came to a close at the end of 2014.

The Crusades: A Very Brief History, 1095-1500

crusaders capture antioch - The Hague, KB, KA 20 fol. 255r

In this chapter, I trace the contours of the specific types of violent religious conflict always immanent within the historical structure of medieval war.

Halt! Who Comes There?: Locking Up Tower of London – The Ceremony of the Keys

The White Tower - The Tower of London

A review of the Tower of London’s medieval Ceremony of the Keys!

The Papacy and Christian Mercenaries of Thirteenth-Century North Africa

Condottiero drawing by Leonardo da Vinci

Could one be a good mercenary and a good Christian at the same time?

Top 10 Strange Weapons of the Middle Ages

strange medieval weapons - Edmund Ironside killed

What were some of the more unusual weapons used by medieval armies? We put together a list of the strangest weapons that were ever used (or even designed) in the Middle Ages.

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