Both Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism are dualist relig- ions. Implicit in the beliefs held true by these religions is the notion of co-equal and co-eternal principles. Implicit in this notion is the belief that both good and evil exist and are acted upon from the very beginning.
The medieval Church viewed itself as Defender of the Faith, the destroyer of the unbelievers, the wrong believers. These heretics were to be reviled and feared as perverters of God’s word. The perverters of orthodoxy were, ultimately, not to be distinguished from one another, but rather known by catchphrases.
The execution of a number of clerics at Orléans in 1022 is viewed as a watershed moment in the history of heresy in the West.
Time and Eternity in Saint Augustine Costa, Marcos Roberto Nunes Mirabilia 11, Tempo e Eternidade na Idade Média, Jun-Dez (2010) Abstract Every Augustinian disputation regarding…