The return to hill forts in the Dark Ages: what can this tell us about post-Roman Britain?

After being abandoned for nearly 400 years, some of the ancient Iron Age hill forts were re-occupied and re-fortified in the later fifth and early sixth centuries. Interestingly, some ‘new’ hill forts were also erected at this time.

New Yorkers in Viking Age Iceland

In Iceland, there are four settlement sites that answer to the name of Jórvík – and all of them probably are Viking Age foundations named after the Old Norse name of York: Jórvík. So basically, there are four ‘New Yorks’ in Iceland.

When the Atlantic Ocean had many islands: The mythical and miraculous places west of medieval Europe

Why medieval people did not accept that the vast space in the Atlantic Ocean between the Old World and the New could truly be an empty one.

Defining Constantinople’s Suburbs through Travel and Geography

This paper considers these challenges as they relate to the suburbs of Constantinople and, in doing so, it seeks to offer some reflections on the ways in which various conceptions of geography, space, and spatial practice can inform late antique suburban studies.

Wasteland: Buffer in the Medieval Economy

At the end of the Roman period the area of wasteland seems to have increased. Since the increase or decrease in wasteland is closely linked with the economy in general, we can discern several periods of decline and growth.

Perceptions of Hot Climate in Medieval Cosmography and Travel Literature

This article is an attempt to examine bow climate, especially hot weather in exotic locations, was viewed by European travellers and writers in the middle ages.

The Oxford map of Palestine in the work of Matthew Paris

He was long-winded, opinionated, cranky, and interested in everything. He moves from politics at court, to the abuses of ecclesiastical power, to foreign relations, to peculiar meteorological and astronomical occurrences, to uncanny incidents.

Mapping the World in Medieval China

This talk looks at the extent of geographic and cartographic knowledge of the world that existed in medieval China.

Maps, Travel and Exploration in the Middle Ages: Some Reflections about Anachronism

How were maps conceived in the Middle Ages? Using the words “map”, “travel” and “exploration”, historians must be wary of anachronism.

Hy-Brassil: Irish origins of Brazil

The name Brazil is probably the sweetest sounding name that any large race of the Earth possesses

The Battle of Hastings: A Geographic Perspective

The Battle of Hastings is one of the most widely studied battles in medieval history. Yet despite the importance that research shows geography to play in the outcome of such conflicts, few studies have examined in detail the landscape of the battle or the role the landscape played in its eventual outcome.

The Global Side of Medieval at the Getty Centre: Traversing the Globe Through Illuminated Manuscripts

Los Angeles correspondent, Danielle Trynoski takes through the, ‘Traversing the Globe Through Illuminated Manuscripts’ exhibut at the Getty Museum.

Unknown Europe: The Mapping of the Northern countries by Olaus Magnus in 1539

Olaus Magnus, a highly educated Swedish priest and scholar, published his geographically and ethnographically remarkable map of the Northern countries, the Carta marina, in Venice in 1539.

Landscape and Warfare in Anglo-Saxon England and the Viking Campaign of 1006

The last twenty-five years have seen huge advances made in the way that battlefields can be recorded and understood through archaeological techniques, but these methods have only recently been accepted as a useful complement to traditional military history.

Mapping a New View of the Medieval World

Maps do more than show us the way and identify major landmarks – rivers, towns, roads and hills. For centuries, they also offered a perspective on how societies viewed themselves in comparison to the rest of the world.

Irish and Scots may have been first to settle Iceland, researcher finds

It has long been believed that the first people to inhabit Iceland were the Norse settlers who arrived around the year 874 AD. However, the discovery of Christian crosses carved into man-made caves in the southern part of the island is offering evidence that Celtic-speaking people from Scotland and Ireland had come to Iceland around the beginning the ninth century.

Vikings in the Prehistoric Landscape: Studies on Mainland Orkney

Norse colonists in Orkney contended not only with the islands’ existing occupants, but also with a foreign landscape filled with visible ancient monuments. This paper provides a brief synthesis of the results of research on the landscapes of Viking-Age and Late-Norse Orkney which explored the strategies undertaken by the Norse settlers to re-model their social identities in their adopted environment.

Nottingham’s Maze of Medieval Caves gets fully surveyed

For the first time, the entire network of 549 caves underneath Nottingham has been fully surveyed, revealing new details about what lies under the surface of the English city.

Medieval Manuscripts: The Universal Atlas of Fernão Vaz Dourado

Vaz Dourado authored at least four different nautical atlases, each of them including 20 maps, painted between 1568 and 1580, which is to say at the pinnacle of Portuguese cartography.

Medieval Maps of Britain

How did people depict England, Scotland and Wales in the Middle Ages? Here are 15 images of maps created between the 11th and 16th centuries, which shows how maps developed over history.

The Original Placement of the Hereford Map

This paper relies on new masonry and dendrochronological evidence and the system of medieval ecclesiastical preferments to argue that this monumental world map was originally exhibited in 1287 next to the first shrine of St Thomas Cantilupe in Hereford Cathedral’s north transept.

Horticultural Landscapes in Middle English Romance

Gardens played a significant role in the lives of European peoples living in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

Recovering the lost details of a medieval map

Researchers at Yale University have started a project to recover details from a 15th-century world map which had been obscured after centuries of fading.

The Ebstorf Map: tradition and contents of a medieval picture of the world

The Ebstorf Map, the largest medieval map of the world whose original has been lost, is not only a geographical map.

Quiz: Medieval Maps

How good are your geography skills? Try to identify these 15 places based on how they are depicted in medieval maps

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