Through Trial and Error: Learning and Adaptation in the English Tactical System from Bannockburn to Poitiers

Battle of poitiers

During the late thirteenth century and early fourteenth century, the English in medieval Europe fought in two wars: the Scottish Wars of Independence followed by the Hundred Years War.

Make-Up and Medicine in the Middle Ages

Medieval woman combing her hair

A look at cosmetics and make-up in the Middle Ages.

Castle for Sale: Goudourville Castle in Southern France

Goudourville_castle

This eleventh-century castle, located about an hour away from the city of Toulouse, is now a hotel and tourist attraction.

Access is Power: Financing the Second Crusade in France

12th century Charter France - possibly related to the Second Crusade

I will suggest an explanation for why historians have been slow to use land charters as a primary source for the history of the crusades.

The Hundred Years War and the Making of Modern Europe

Hundred years war 1360

English and French nationalism were forged through centuries of bitter military rivalry that carved out a new European, and ultimately global, order.

Common Violence: Vengeance and Inquisition in Fourteenth-Century Marseille

Detail of a miniature of Cain murdering Abel.

Medieval violence has a bad reputation.

Medieval Gothic Cathedrals were built from iron and stone, researchers find

Bourges-Cathedral

Using radiocarbon dating on metal found in Gothic cathedrals, an interdisciplinary team has shown, for the first time through absolute dating, that iron was used to reinforce stone from the construction phase.

Piracy and Papacy: The Legacy of Thibauld’s treasure

View of the Palais des Papes in Avignon, France. 17th century

Pirates and popes seem to be two things that simply would not intersect owing to both time and distance, but in 1357 intersect they did. The result was a court claim that resulted claims for damages that wound up providing us one of the finest medieval cities to survive today.

Vice, Tyranny, Violence, and the Usurpation of Flanders (1071) in Flemish Historiography from 1093 to 1294

Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders & Hainaut

The earliest sources of the history of medieval Flanders do not agree on the origins of the counts. The earliest source, the so-called “Genealogy of Arnold [I],” credibly traces the counts’ origin to Baldwin I “Iron Arm,”…

Latin Grammar in the Cathedral School: Fulbert of Chartres, Bonipert of Pécs, and the Way of a Lost Priscian Manuscript

Priscian, or the Grammar, relief from the bell tower of Florence by Luca della Robbia

The starting point of the classical tradition in medieval Hungary is marked by a letter written by Bishop Fulbert of Chartres in Northern France to Bishop Bonipert of Pécs in Southern Hungary.

‘Hag of the Castle:’ Women, Family, and Community in Later Medieval Ireland

Sheela-na-gig from the Fethard wall in Fethard, Co. Tipperary, Ireland, detail, 12th c.

In a letter written as part of his work for the Irish Department of the Ordnance Survey in 1840, Thomas O’Conor recorded his reaction to a “Sheela- na-gig” sculpture—the image of a naked woman shown exposing her genitalia (fig. 1)—that he saw on the old church at Kiltinane, Co. Tipperary.

CONFERENCES: The Stellinga, the Saxon Elite, and Carolingian Politics

Battle of Fontenoy - The battle as depicted in the fourteenth-century Grandes Chroniques de France. Grandes Chroniques de France, France, Paris, Cote : Français 73 , Fol. 150

This is my summary of a paper presented at the Institute of Historical Research on the causes of the Stellinga uprising in the Carolingian period.

What Remains: Women, Relics and Remembrance in the Aftermath of the Fourth Crusade

The Fourth Crusade - the capture of Constantinople

After the fall of Constantinople to the Latin Crusaders in 1204 hundreds of relics were carried into the West as diplomatic gifts, memorabilia and tokens of victory. Yet many relics were alsosent privately between male crusaders and their spouses and female kin.

The Heraldic Casket of Saint Louis in the Louvre

King Louis IX - Sainte Chappelle

The Casket of Saint Louis invokes political and social networks and events relating to the Capetian dynasty in the years before Louis IX reached his majority.

Places to See: Notre Dame – Part I

Western facade of Notre Dame Cathedral

Part I of my initial visit to stunning Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France.

Labyrinths in medieval churches: An investigation of form and function

Amiens Labyrinth - Flikr

This thesis analyzed the designs of a select group of labyrinths set into the pavements of Gothic churches in northern France.

Picturing Maternal Anxiety in the Miracle of the Jew of Bourges

2 scenes from the Miracle of the Jewish Boy from Bourges, Lincoln Cathedral (www.therosewindow.com)

During the middle ages, one of the most popular and most frequently illustrated Miracles of the Virgin Mary was the Miracle of the Jew of Bourges. According to the text of the miracle, the Virgin saves a young Jewish boy after his father throws him into a fiery oven upon learning he attended a Christian mass.

King’s sister, queen of dissent: Marguerite of Navarre (1492-1549) and her evangelical network

Marguerite de Navarre - Statue of Marguerite of Angoulême, in the gardens of the city hall of Angoulême

This study reconstructs the previously unknown history of the most important dissident group within France before the French Reformed Church formed during the 1550s.

Working women in thirteenth-century Paris

Medieval women at work weaving.

This thesis examines the role of women in the Parisian economy in the late thirteenth century.

Places to See: Sainte Chapelle

Sainte Chappelle, Paris.

Travelling to Paris ? Add this beautiful thirteenth century Capetian chapel to your MUST-SEE list for your next visit!

716: A Crucial Year For Charles Martel

Stained glass window depicting Charles Martel at Strasbourg Cathedral. - Photo by Rh67/Wikipedia

The early years of Charles Martel’s life are all but obscured from the historian’s view.

Crafting the witch: Gendering magic in medieval and early modern England

The Devil and witches

This project documents and analyzes the gendered transformation of magical figures occurring in Arthurian romance in England from the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries.

Of dead kings, dukes and constables: the historical context of the Danse Macabre in late medieval Paris

The archbishop and the knight, woodcut in Guy Marchant’s Danse macabre edition first printed in Paris in 1485

Why did the danse macabre rise to fame only when incorporated in a mural scheme that was created in a period of major political upheaval?

The Importance of Parks in Fifteenth-Century Society

Medieval deer park

In this paper, my aim is to consider the role of parks in the fifteenth century.

Materiality in the Queenship of Isabeau of Bavaria

Isabeau of Bavaria entry to Paris

This thesis revisits the origins of Isabeau of Bavaria’s notorious reputation – her ‘Black Legend’.

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