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Venice’s Need for Settling the ‘Byzantine question’ by Conquest: The Fourth Crusade’s Second Siege of Constantinople (early 1204)

This article is a contribution to the ‘diversion debate’ concerning the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204), which argues that ultimately the endangered Venetian commercial interests were at the core of the final decision by the crusade leadership to conquer and take over the Byzantine empire.

What Remains: Women, Relics and Remembrance in the Aftermath of the Fourth Crusade

After the fall of Constantinople to the Latin Crusaders in 1204 hundreds of relics were carried into the West as diplomatic gifts, memorabilia and tokens of victory. Yet many relics were alsosent privately between male crusaders and their spouses and female kin.

Redating the East-West Schism: An Examination of the Impact of the Sack of Constantinople in 1204

Although 1054 is indeed the date most often found on timelines and in textbooks—and therefore the date most often memorized by students of the medieval period—the majority of modern scholars recognize that the East-West Schism was in fact, as Timothy Ware writes, “something that came about gradually, as the result of a long and complicated process.”

The Crusades and the Lost Literature of the Italian Renaissance

Dr. Brian Jeffrey Maxson describes Biondo Flavio’s account of the Fourth Crusade

The Role of Christian Spirituality in 13th Century Interpretations of the Fall of Constantinople

Since the focus of the conflict between the crusaders and Constantinople changed from obtaining transportation to Jerusalem to a religious war against the people of Constantinople, it is critical to understand the role of relics in pilgrimage and the concept of how relics were understood to be translated from one owner to another, i.e., furtum sacrum.

Venice – obstacle for the Crusades?

At first sight, the topic’s title sounds somewhat intriguing. It certainly raises the question: is it possible for the Venetians to regard themselves as an obstacle for such a noble initiative as crusades had been?

Russian Pilgrims in Constantinople

If one compares the Russian Anthony text with the original Mercati Anonymus text, the longest and most detailed of the three extant contemporary Western descriptions of the shrines of Constantinople, one finds that the Latin text includes only twenty of the seventy-six religious shrines mentioned by the Russian enumeration.

How did medieval Europeans deal with Greek debt? They sacked their capital city

The real reason for the diversion to Constantinople in 1203 by the Venetians and the crusaders, and for their subsequent attack on the imperial capital in 1204, was a simpler and, in their minds, increasingly pressing concern: the payment of outstanding debts

Culpability and Concealed Motives: An Analysis of the Parties Involved in the Diversion of the Fourth Crusade

This article is in direct contrast to an earlier one by Joseph Gill, in which he utilizes primary sources in an attempt to establish Pope Innocent III’s lack of responsibility in the outcome of the Crusade.

Fourth Crusade

Articles about the Fourth Crusade: The Debate on the Fourth Crusade, by Jonathan Harris The merchant of Genoa : the Crusades, the Genoese and the Latin East, 1187-1220s, by Merav Mack Outside and Inside the Fourth Crusade, by Thomas F. Madden Theseus and the Fourth Crusade: Outlining a Historical Investigation of a Cultural Problem, by Andrea […]

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