Ending an Era: The Huang Chao Rebellion of the Late Tang, 874-884

Changan

Huang Chao was a rebel leader during the late Tang dynasty; he and his followers successfully marauded through China from 875 until his death in 884 C.E. During that time, he conquered and sacked many important cities of the empire, such as Guangzhou and the capital city, Chang’an.

How did Persian and Other Western Medical Knowledge Move East, and Chinese West? A Look at the Role of Rashīd al-Dīn and Others

A Mongol prince studying the Koran. Illustration of Rashid-ad-Din's Gami' at-tawarih.

This paper looks specifically in this larger context at one key aspect of the western knowledge arriving in China, Islamic medicine, which included major Ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Syrian Christian as well as Persian and even Indian components, making it truly international, and speculates as to how it got there.

Near-Death Folklore in Medieval China and Japan : A Comparative Analysis

Japan - medieval

Medieval Chinese and Japanese literature provides numerous examples of near-death experiences, episodes in which the narrator claims to have gained personal images of the after life.

Ending an era : the Huang Chao Rebellion of the late Tang, 874-884 

17th century map of China

Huang Chao was a rebel leader during the late Tang dynasty; he and his followers successfully marauded through China from 875 until his death in 884 C.E. During that time, he conquered and sacked many important cities of the empire, such as Guangzhou and the capital city, Chang’an.

Marco Polo really did go to China, new study finds

Marco Polo

A thorough new study of Chinese sources by University of Tübingen Sinologist Hans Ulrich Vogel dispels claims that Venice’s most famous traveler never truly went as far as China.

A note on the origins of syphilis

Medieval - sexual diseases

The name syphilis came into common usage. It came from a Latin epic poem Syphilis, sive Morbvs Gallicvs, written by Girolamo Fracastoro or Hieronymus Fracastorius(1483–1553). In his work De contagione et contagiosis morbis, he discussed the nature and the spread of infectious diseases, foretelling the germ theory of disease.

Ancient Afro-Asia Links: New Evidence from a Maritime Perspective

Africa - medieval map

Historical records have shown that the East African coast was connected to ancient global trade networks. These early overseas contacts are evidenced by references to trading voyages in the early 1st millennium AD and in the 11th to 14th century AD.

Sacred Kingship among the Peoples of the Steppes

mongols and horses

eurThe vast belt of the Steppes, located between the Hungarian plains and the Great Wall of China,
runs along the southern edge of the Eurasian arboreal zone. Starting in the 1st millenium B.C. this region has been inhabited by Iranian, Hunnish, Turkish and Mongol mounted nomads who, at various times, unified a large portion of the Steppes into a single empire.

Early Chinese Tattoo

Chinese_character_tattoo_Peace - photo by honu2005

The aim of this paper is twofold. First, I hope to provide a brief introduction to the various modes of tattoo as represented in several types of early Chinese texts.

The Social Status and Thought of Merchants in Ming China, 1368-1644: A Foray in Clarifying the Social Effects of the Commercialization of Ming China

17th century map of China

The application of some recent research by other scholars of Ming China and my readings of some sources dating from the period, I hope, will add nuances to our understanding of Ming commerce and society and furthermore contribute to a detailed approach to the non-Eurocentric writing of a comparative history of development in the early modern world.

Elites and their children : a study in the historical anthropology of medieval China, 500-1000 AD

"Assaulting the Jujube Tree" (扑枣图), a painting by an anonymous Chinese artist of the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD).iterary social background.

The only information we have about children in medieval China comes from male adults with an elite and literary social background.

The Planetary Portent of 1524 in China and Europe

Astronomy

Events of 1524 in China and Europe in response to the planetary phenomenon offer insights into the divergent Chinese and Western responses to such “millennial” events.

Conqueror: A Novel of Kublai Khan, by Conn Iggulden

Conqueror

An epic tale of a great and heroic mind; his action-packed rule; and how in conquering one-fifth of the world’s inhabited land, he changed the course of history forever.

The contribution of early medieval China (AD 220-589) to the travel culture of landscape appreciation

17th century map of China

Tourism has a long history that in the Western culture dates back to ancient Rome and Greece. In imperial China, tourism has a tradition independent of Europe, and is defined in the present study as “the travel culture of landscape appreciation”.

Shipwreck from Mongol Invasion fleet discovered off Japan

Depiction of the 1281 invasion

Archaeologists from the University of the Ryukyus in Japan have discovered large parts of a Mongolian/Chinese ship that was likely part of the Mongol invasion fleet that tried to invade the island in 1281. The find is the first intact wreck related to invasion attempts of Japan by the Mongolian ruler, Kublai Khan. Led by […]

The Origins of Tea Drinking in Britain

The Origins of Tea Drinking in Britain Macadam, Joseph P. The Bulletin of the English Society, Vol.37 (2009) Abstract On September 25, 1660, the great chronicler, Sarnuel Pepys, made the following entry in his diary: ‘And afterwards did send for a Cupp of Tee (a China drink) of which I had never drank before’.’ Pepys could […]

A Multidisciplinary Investigation of Medieval Flamethrowers: A Case Study

Warfare in the Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 11th centuries CE saw the development of weapons systems using fire.

Was it Translated: Turkish Diplomatic Correspondence to China in Medieval Times

Sample of the cursive script by Chinese Tang Dynasty calligrapher Sun Guoting, c. 650 AD.

The focus of our inquiry is whether the two state letters presented to Sui China in 584 and 607 were translated into Chinese, or composed in Chinese.

Understanding Chinese Business Behaviour: A study and interpretation of the Three Kingdoms novel

Peach garden ceremony from Romance of the Three Kingdoms

Understanding Chinese Business Behaviour: A study and interpretation of the Three Kingdoms novel By Taïeb Hafsi and Li Yan Cahier de recherche, No.7 (2007) Abstract: The behaviour of Chinese business has been studied by a variety of Strategic management scholars (see in particular Hafsi and Tian, 2005; Peng, 2006; Peng and Heat, 1996). Most of […]

A 9th Century AD Arab or Indian Shipwreck in Indonesia: First Evidence for Direct Trade with China

A 9th Century AD Arab or Indian Shipwreck in Indonesia: First Evidence for Direct Trade with China By Michael Flecker World Archaeology, Volume 32:3 (2001) Abstract: A well-perserved ninth-century AD shipwreck was excavated in 1998-9 off the Indonesian island of Belitung between Sumatra and Borneo. The principle features of the wreck include planks joined by […]

The Baltic Sea and the Sea of Japan: History of Cooperation

17th century map of the Baltic Sea - Map of Baltic Sea by Werner von Rosenfeldt and Petter Gädda

The Baltic Sea and the Sea of Japan: History of Cooperation By Yulia Lamasheva The journal of the study of modern society and culture, No.33 (2005) Introduction: From far away, the Baltic region looks perhaps as a rather homogeneous area. The Baltic Sea is situated in Europe, all bordering States are maritime States. However, in […]

Difficult decisions by women from the Tang dynasty

Beauties Wearing Flowers, by Zhou Fang, 8th century

Difficult decisions by women from the Tang dynasty By Annika Pissin Paper given at the V Congresso della Società Italiana delle Storiche, Naples (2010) Introduction: Adult women during the Tang dynasty were, before all, mothers. To be a mother, especially the mother of legitimate sons, was the most important role for women throughout Chinese history. […]

The Lanterns of Chuko Liang

Portrait of the statesman and general Zhuge Liang from a Qing Dynasty edition of The Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

The Lanterns of Chuko Liang By P. H. Hase Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, vol.28 (1988) Introduction: The Mongol armies which invaded Eastern Europe in the thirteenth century used hot air balloons shaped like dragons and held on long lines for signalling purposes. The invention of this method of signalling may […]

Coin in Jewellery from Bukhara

JEWELRY-BUKHARA

Coin in Jewellery from Bukhara NIYAZOVA, MAKHSUMA I. Numismática oriental / Oriental Numismatics Actas del XIII Congreso Internacional de Numismática (2003) From ancient times coins used as currency and as element of adornment or amulet. The shell known as “kauri” was a currency and ornament in the same time. Pierced coins famous from archaeological excavations in […]

SINO-WESTERN CONTACTS UNDER THE MONGOL EMPIRE

A closeup of the Catalan Atlas depicting Marco Polo traveling to the East during the Pax Mongolica

SINO-WESTERN CONTACTS UNDER THE MONGOL EMPIRE By Herbert Franke Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Vol.6 (1966) Introduction: Contacts between Chinese civilization and that of the West — whatever we take “West” to mean in this context — have a long and tortuous history which for some periods is still far from […]

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