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Earliest historical records of typhoons in China

typhoon china

The typhoon as a weather phenomenon was frequently mentioned, described, and discussed in many works, including history books, poems and government documents, in the ninth century AD.

How Not to (Re)Write World History: Gavin Menzies and the Chinese Discovery of America

1421: The Year China Discovered America

The author’s attempt to rewrite world history, however, is based on a hodgepodge of circular reasoning, bizarre speculation, distorted sources, and slapdash research.

Lost Leviathans: The Technology of Zheng He’s Voyages

Early 17th century Chinese woodblock print, thought to represent Zheng He's ships

The key vessels of the voyages, Zheng He’s ‘Treasure Junks’ or Bao Chuan, had the purpose of displaying the might and awe of China to encourage other nations to enter the tribute system.

Prolegomena to the Ju-nan i-shih: A Memoir on the Last Chin Court Under the Mongol Siege of 1234

Mongols

Ju-nan i-shih is a reminiscence on the events at the refuge Chin capital of Emperor Ai-tsung (r. 1224-1234) at Ts’ai-chou, Honan, during the Mongol siege of July 1233 to February 1234, when it capitulated.

Asian Origins of Cinderella: The Zhuang Storyteller of Guangxi

Ye Xian - Cinderella

The acceptance and understanding of the Asian origins of the “Cinderella” story should replace the widely held belief that the story is fundamentally Western or universal. The Zhuang, an ethnic group at the intersection of China and Vietnam, combined ideas from their own traditions and experiences with motifs from Hindu and Buddhist narratives circulating in their area during the Tang Dynasty, and should be credited with creating this subversive, virginal, talented, and compassionate heroine.

Ending an Era: The Huang Chao Rebellion of the Late Tang, 874-884

Changan

Huang Chao was a rebel leader during the late Tang dynasty; he and his followers successfully marauded through China from 875 until his death in 884 C.E. During that time, he conquered and sacked many important cities of the empire, such as Guangzhou and the capital city, Chang’an.

How did Persian and Other Western Medical Knowledge Move East, and Chinese West? A Look at the Role of Rashīd al-Dīn and Others

A Mongol prince studying the Koran. Illustration of Rashid-ad-Din's Gami' at-tawarih.

This paper looks specifically in this larger context at one key aspect of the western knowledge arriving in China, Islamic medicine, which included major Ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Syrian Christian as well as Persian and even Indian components, making it truly international, and speculates as to how it got there.

Ending an era : the Huang Chao Rebellion of the late Tang, 874-884 

17th century map of China

Huang Chao was a rebel leader during the late Tang dynasty; he and his followers successfully marauded through China from 875 until his death in 884 C.E. During that time, he conquered and sacked many important cities of the empire, such as Guangzhou and the capital city, Chang’an.

Marco Polo really did go to China, new study finds

Marco Polo

A thorough new study of Chinese sources by University of Tübingen Sinologist Hans Ulrich Vogel dispels claims that Venice’s most famous traveler never truly went as far as China.

Ancient Afro-Asia Links: New Evidence from a Maritime Perspective

Africa - medieval map

Historical records have shown that the East African coast was connected to ancient global trade networks. These early overseas contacts are evidenced by references to trading voyages in the early 1st millennium AD and in the 11th to 14th century AD.

Conqueror: A Novel of Kublai Khan, by Conn Iggulden

Conqueror

An epic tale of a great and heroic mind; his action-packed rule; and how in conquering one-fifth of the world’s inhabited land, he changed the course of history forever.

The contribution of early medieval China (AD 220-589) to the travel culture of landscape appreciation

17th century map of China

Tourism has a long history that in the Western culture dates back to ancient Rome and Greece. In imperial China, tourism has a tradition independent of Europe, and is defined in the present study as “the travel culture of landscape appreciation”.

Shipwreck from Mongol Invasion fleet discovered off Japan

Depiction of the 1281 invasion

Archaeologists from the University of the Ryukyus in Japan have discovered large parts of a Mongolian/Chinese ship that was likely part of the Mongol invasion fleet that tried to invade the island in 1281. The find is the first intact wreck related to invasion attempts of Japan by the Mongolian ruler, Kublai Khan. Led by […]

A Multidisciplinary Investigation of Medieval Flamethrowers: A Case Study

Warfare in the Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 11th centuries CE saw the development of weapons systems using fire.

Was it Translated: Turkish Diplomatic Correspondence to China in Medieval Times

Sample of the cursive script by Chinese Tang Dynasty calligrapher Sun Guoting, c. 650 AD.

The focus of our inquiry is whether the two state letters presented to Sui China in 584 and 607 were translated into Chinese, or composed in Chinese.

Understanding Chinese Business Behaviour: A study and interpretation of the Three Kingdoms novel

Peach garden ceremony from Romance of the Three Kingdoms

Understanding Chinese Business Behaviour: A study and interpretation of the Three Kingdoms novel By Taïeb Hafsi and Li Yan Cahier de recherche, No.7 (2007) Abstract: The behaviour of Chinese business has been studied by a variety of Strategic management scholars (see in particular Hafsi and Tian, 2005; Peng, 2006; Peng and Heat, 1996). Most of […]

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