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Georgian Sources

Georgian Sources By Stephen H. Rapp Jr. Proceedings of the British Academy, No.132 (2007) Introduction: The eviction of the Muslims, the annihilation of the ‘barbarians’, the pacification of the Seljuk sultan and the Byzantine emperor: such is the bold assessment of Georgia’s condition in the time of the crusades by the biographer of the Georgian […]

Real and imagined feudalism in highland Georgia

Real and imagined feudalism in highland Georgia By Kevin Tuite Amirani, Vol.7 (2002) Introduction: During the 8th-9th centuries, a system of land tenure and political organization that has been described as “feudal” arose in the Transcaucasus. As in Western Europe, Georgian feudalism was characterized by (1) the hierarchical and personal relation between vassal and lord […]

Armenia from the Fall of the Cilician Kingdom (1375) to the Forced Emigration under Shah Abbas (1604)

Armenia from the Fall of the Cilician Kingdom (1375) to the Forced Emigration under Shah Abbas (1604) By Dickran Kouymjian The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times, Vol.2, editor Richard Hovannisian, editor (New York, 1997) Introduction: The fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are the dark ages of Armenian history. The poverty of historical sources reflects the […]

Medicinal Properties of Cannabis According to Medieval Manuscripts of Azerbaijan

Medicinal Properties of Cannabis According to Medieval Manuscripts of Azerbaijan By Farid U. Alakbaro Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, Vol. 1:2 (2001) Abstract: Azerbaijani people have rich and ancient traditions in the medicinal use of cannabis. The traditional methods of its application are described in the medieval Azerbaijani manuscripts in the field of medicine and pharmacognosy written […]

Prolegomena to a critical edition of the Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, with a discussion of computer-aided methods used to edit the text

Prolegomena to a critical edition of the Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, with a discussion of computer-aided methods used to edit the text By Tara L. Andrews D.Phil, University of Oxford, 2009 Abstract: The Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa is the primary Armenian-language historical source for the eleventh and early twelfth centuries. Matthew was a […]

The Symbolic Significance of Medieval Armenian Canon Tables

The Symbolic Significance of Medieval Armenian Canon Tables By Roseen Giles Saeculum Undergraduate Academic Journal, Vol 4, No 2 (2009) Introduction: The highly ornamented illuminations surrounding medieval Canon Tables, which are found in the opening folios of many Gospel books, are rich in visual symbolism. Particularly with the Eastern medieval traditions, their colourful motifs of birds, fruit […]

Zvart’nots and the Origins of Christian Architecture in Armenia

Zvart’nots and the Origins of Christian Architecture in Armenia By W. Eugene Kleinbauer The Art Bulletin, Vol. 54, No. 3, (1972) Introduction: Occupying a central position in the problem of the origins of Armenian ecclesiastical architecture is the church of Zvart’nots, even in ruins an impressive site. Like a ziggurat towering up mountainously from the flat […]

The Armenian and Byzantine Foundations of the Concept of Jihad

What those ideas were I shall endeavor to make clear by first translating and then commenting on the passage in question. After that I propose to draw the reader’s attention to certain broad but significant similarities between these ideas and the concept of Jihad as initially expressed and enunciated in the pages of the Qur’an.

Sixth Century Alania: between Byzantium, Sasanian Iran and the Turkic World

Sixth Century Alania: between Byzantium, Sasanian Iran and the Turkic World By Agustí Alemany Ēran ud Anērān: Studies presented to Boris Ilich Marshak on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday, edited by Compareti Matteo, Raffetta Paola and Scarcia Gianroberto (Venice, 2006)  Abstract: This paper tries to collect and analyse all available evidence – mainly from Byzantine, Iranian and Arabic sources […]

Chormaqan Noyan, the first Mongol Military Governor in the Middle East

Chormaqan Noyan, the first Mongol Military Governor in the Middle East  By Timothy May MA Thesis, Indiana University (1996) Abstract: In the year 1230, the Mongol Empire was essentially the same size as it had been when Chinggis Khan died in 1227.  After Ogodei Khan came to throne, the Mongol Empire expanded at a fairly […]

The Turco-Mongol Invasions and the Lords of Armenia in the 13-14th Centuries

The Turco-Mongol Invasions and the Lords of Armenia in the 13-14th Centuries By Robert Bedrosian Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University (1979) Abstract: The 13-14th centuries was a period of great turbulence in the history of the Armenian people. Over roughly 170 years (from ca. 1220 to ca. 1403) Armenia was subjected to no less than 15 invasions of […]

Society and Politics in 4th and 5th–Century Armenia. The invention of the Armenian Alphabet

Society and Politics in 4th and 5th–Century Armenia. The invention of the Armenian Alphabet By Alessandro Orengo Language and Identities in Historical Perspective, edited by Ann Katherine Isaacs (Pisa University Press, 2005) Synopsis: Examines the development of the Armenian language in the early Middle Ages, and includes a discussion of the cultural and historical background of […]

Medieval Tendirs of Baku

Medieval Tendirs of Baku By Kamil Ferhadoglu Azerbaijan Archeology, Vol.4:1-2 (2002) Synopsis: Archeological excavations at various sites in Icheri Sheher have opened plenty of tendirs (furnaces for baking bread) allowing the study of the method of baking bread in medieval Baku. Bread baking takes its origins from extreme antiquity. The results of archeological researches show that the […]

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