Daily Weather Observations in Sixteenth-Century Europe

Winter landscape (1608) Hendrick Avercamp

Thirty-two weather diaries written in astronomical calendars in central Europe in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are presented and discussed.

Primstav and Apocalypse Time and its Reckoning in Medieval Scandinavia

Primstav - Runic Calendar - Museum of History in Lund, Sweden.

This work is intended as an exploration of methods of time-reckoning and conception in Medieval Scandinavia. In the main this is tied to the dynamism between a duality: that of the cyclical and linear models of time‟s progression. Involved in this study are sources verbal and pictoral.

Tasting Histories Lecture: “Seasonal and Local Dining in the Middle Ages”

Medieval Food at Banquet

This was a paper given at the University of Toronto by Yale Professor, Paul freedman, on food during the Middle Ages and Early Modern period.

Early medieval science: the evidence of Bede

Byrhtferth’s ‘Diagram of the Physical and Physiological Fours’, Oxford, St John’s College manuscript, no. 17, folio 7 verso. This manuscript is a copy of  Byrhtferth’s computus, written in Thorney around  AD 1110–1111.

The Venerable Bede used observable proofs and mathematical calculations in his early 8th-century treatise De temporum ratione to teach the astronomical principles that inform the calculation of the date of Easter. This suggests that the seeds of the modern scientific method might be found before the 12th century in the educational practices of the early medieval monasteries.

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