Surviving Winter in the Middle Ages

Pavel Sapozhnikov and his goat, Glasha, surviving a harsh Russian winter living as people did in the ninth century. Photo courtesy of Alone in the Past.

Surviving Winter in the Middle Ages: How did people stay warm? What did they eat? What did they do?

Primstav and Apocalypse Time and its Reckoning in Medieval Scandinavia

Primstav - Runic Calendar - Museum of History in Lund, Sweden.

This work is intended as an exploration of methods of time-reckoning and conception in Medieval Scandinavia. In the main this is tied to the dynamism between a duality: that of the cyclical and linear models of time‟s progression. Involved in this study are sources verbal and pictoral.

Early medieval science: the evidence of Bede

Byrhtferth’s ‘Diagram of the Physical and Physiological Fours’, Oxford, St John’s College manuscript, no. 17, folio 7 verso. This manuscript is a copy of  Byrhtferth’s computus, written in Thorney around  AD 1110–1111.

The Venerable Bede used observable proofs and mathematical calculations in his early 8th-century treatise De temporum ratione to teach the astronomical principles that inform the calculation of the date of Easter. This suggests that the seeds of the modern scientific method might be found before the 12th century in the educational practices of the early medieval monasteries.

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