Up to 5 million archaeological sites in North Africa and the Middle East in danger of being destroyed

1732 map middle east

The archaeological heritage of the Middle East and North Africa, which is of international significance for all periods, is under increasing threat from massive and sustained population explosion, agricultural development, urban expansion, warfare, and looting.

Knight buried at Hereford Cathedral may have had jousting injuries, archaeologists find

Hereford Cathedral - photo by David Merrett / Flickr

The remains of over 700 individuals were discovered at the graveyard of England’s Hereford Cathedral between 2009 and 2011. Archaeologists are now revealing more details about some of the people that were buried here during the Middle Ages.

Lady in the Lead Coffin revealed

The Inner Lead Casket of the Greyfriars Medieval Stone Coffin Revealed For The First Time in 600 Years - University of Leicester

A mysterious lead coffin found close to the site of Richard III’s hastily dug grave at the Grey Friars friary has been opened and studied by experts from the University of Leicester.

Medieval Mass Grave discovered in Paris

Medieval Mass Grave in Paris  © Denis Gliksman Inrap

Archaeologists in the French capital have discovered more than 200 skeletons on what was once the site of a medieval hospital. It is believed that the remains date between the 14th and 16th centuries.

Capital and Corporal Punishment may have been rare in Anglo-Saxon England, researcher suggests

Skeletons under excavation at Walkington Wold - photo by Rod Mackey

A long standing belief about early medieval justice was that many offenders would be executed for serious crimes, or face punishments such as amputations for lesser offences. However, an examination of archaeological data suggests that these kinds of punishments were rare in Anglo-Saxon England.

Medieval Horse Stable: The Results of Multi Proxy Interdisciplinary Research

medieval horse

A multi proxy approach was applied in the reconstruction of the architecture of Medieval horse stable architecture, the maintenance practices associated with that structure as well as horse alimentation at the beginning of 13th century in Central Europe.

An Italian cemetery may provide clues on cholera’s evolution

Field School students excavate human remains buried in the post-medieval churchyard at Badia Pozzeveri - photo courtesy Ohio State University

Burial grounds ‘a thousand-year history’ into human health

Cannonball from Wars of the Roses battle discovered

Battle of Northampton cannonball  - photo courtesy  The Battlefields Trust

A lead ball, believed to be the oldest cannonball ever found in England, has been discovered on the site of the Battle of Northampton.

Gold coin hoard discovered off Mediterranean coast

gold coins israel - photo courtesy Israel Antiquities Authority

Nearly 2,000 coins, the largest treasure hoard ever discovered in Israel, was found a few weeks ago in the waters off the medieval port of Caesarea.

1500-year-old Byzantine grape seeds discovered in Israel

wine of negev

The charred grape seeds, over 1,500 years old, found in southern Israel excavation were used to produce the ‘Wine of the Negev’ – one of the finest and most renowned wines in the whole of the Byzantine Empire.

Huge Anglo-Saxon Coin Hoard goes on display at British Museum

lenborough hoard - photo courtesy British Museum

The Lenborough Hoard, which consists of over 5200 coins from Anglo-Saxon times, is now on display at the British Museum. This discovery highlights the ongoing importance of the Portable Antiquities Scheme, which just released its 2012 Treasure Report.

Who lies in the mortuary chests at Winchester Cathedral?

Mortuary Chests in Lady Chapel - photo courtesy Winchester Cathedral

The remains of several kings of Anglo-Saxon and Norman England, including Edmund Ironside, Cnut and William II Rufus are believed to be in Winchester Cathedral. A new project hopes to uncover their remains after they were scattered about nearly 400 years ago.

Vikings’ homes would have been very polluted, researchers find

Viking House in Hedeby - photo by Kai-Erik

Danish researchers have found that the fires used for cooking and heat in Viking-era houses would have caused significant indoor air pollution.

15th century ruins discovered near Dunluce Castle

Dunluce Castle - photo by Micu Radu

Historians have known that a 17th-century town existed near the iconic Dunluce Castle in Northern Ireland, but new research has uncovered new evidence of an earlier settlement, dating back to the 15th century.

Archaeological discoveries uncovered at Caernarfon Castle in Wales

Caernarfon Castle - photo by Markus Schroeder / Flickr

It seems if you dig anywhere around Caernarfon Castle in Wales you will be able to turn up a wide variety of historical artifacts. The construction of a new ticketing entrance has led to new finds of ancient, medieval and early modern origins.

Over 5000 medieval coins discovered in England

5000 medieval coins - photo from Weekend Wanderers Detecting Club

5,251 silver coins dating back to the 11th century were discovered last month on a farm in Buckinghamshire, England. It is thought to be one of the largest hoards of Anglo Saxon coins ever found in Britain.

Archaeologists set explore Clifford’s Tower

cliffords tower york

The second phase of archaeological investigations to better understand the iconic Clifford’s Tower in York is set to begin this month.

Þingvellir: Archaeology
 of 
the
 Althing

Law_speakerromanticised view of the 11th century Althing

The Norse General Assembly of Iceland, called the Althing at Þingvellir, was central to early Icelandic society in the Viking Age. Not only was it the high point of the annual social calendar, but it was also the focus of their ideals of justice and law-making, which the early Icelanders refined into an art.

Egyptian cemetery may contain one million graves from Roman and Byzantine eras

Egyptian cemetery find - photo from BYU Egypt's Facebook page

The announcement of a potentially huge gravesite in Egypt has led the world’s media to make claims that a million mummies have been discovered. Now, the entire archaeological project might be in jeopardy.

Cheers! New medieval finds at Radcliffe Tower

A flagstone floor under the remains of 19th Century houses on Tower Street.

A new report has confirmed the finding of previously unknown medieval remains next to Radcliffe Tower, located near the English city of Manchester.

The oldest Onion in Denmark

onion in Denmark - photo courtesy National Museum of Denmark

A 1300-year-old onion has been discovered as part of a woman’s grave in Denmark.

Viking Hall discovered in Sweden

Using ground-penetrating radar. Photo: Martin Rundkvist. /Stockholm University

A Viking feasting hall measuring about 47.5 metres in length has been identified near Vadstena in central Sweden.

London in the Not-So-Dark Ages

Lyn Blackmore

An overview of the results of over 40 years of archaeological research into the origins, development and decline of the Middle Saxon trading settlement of Lundenwic, London.

Thousand-year-old crucible provides more evidence of the Vikings in Canada’s Arctic

Baffin Island - photo by Mike Beauregard / Flickr

Although it was found about fifty years ago, archaeologists have just determined that a small stone container discovered on Baffin Island in Canada’s Arctic region was actually part of metallurgical equipment used by the Vikings around the year 1000 A.D.

Layout of medieval city at Old Sarum revealed

Old Sarum - English Heritage

Archaeologists from the University of Southampton have revealed for the first time the plan of a network of buildings in a once thriving medieval city at the historic site of Old Sarum, near Salisbury.

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