In the year 1166, the town of Carmarthen in southern Wales was attacked by a rabid wolf, which bit 22 people.
This article explores compelling and specific cases from France during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries in which animals were formally executed for crimes.
Here are seven riddles about animals from the Early Middle Ages. Can you solve them?
The wild landscape in the medieval imagination is both enchanting and enchanted.
Furthermore, according to the language of the Arabs, every animal is either eloquent or a foreign-speaker … Man is the eloquent one even if he expresses himself in Persian, Hindi, or Greek.
Within research history, there have been repeated attempts to establish a connection between the figurative language of skaldic poetry and the pictorial language of animal art.
My research looks at specific acts of ritualised mortuary violence enacted on objects, animals, and people by Vikings in the British Isles, and aims to develop a new interpretative framework with which to consider them.
The earliest introduction of domestic chickens and black rats from Asia to the east coast of Africa came via maritime routes between the 7th and 8th centuries AD.
The field of human-animal relations is a growing area of research, and with regard to the
Viking Age the majority of this research has concerned the Scandinavian homelands.
Medieval dogs as companions were most valuable in providing humans with emotional and material support.
In the early Middle Ages, the pig was a caricature for greed, dirt, and disorder (and not much has changed).
This thesis identifies and discusses historical and literary sources describing four species in the process of reintroduction: lynx, large whale, beaver and crane.
Scientists from Oxford University test dating methods to challenge whether our relationship and affection for rabbits dates back to any single event, or, if it is instead better explained as a continuum that has evolved over time.
Frederick II’s cockatoo provides a rare window into that world – a medieval world that was surprisingly interconnected.
In comparing the roles of whales, walrus, and seals, this study will examine the themes that recur throughout the Old Icelandic literary tradition, and how these may have been influenced by the circumstances of the time.
Archaeologists in Iceland have for decades examined the remains of more than 350 graves from the Viking Age. In approximately 150 of these, teeth or bones of horses were found.
The use of whales, walrus, and seals in the sagas illustrates a cultural map of the ocean. This network of places, known and imagined, is filled in by trade goods, species and place names, and stories that incorporate the denizens of the deep.
David Orton is Lecturer in Zooarchaeology at the University of York
Rabbits are commonly thought to have been domesticated in c. AD600 by French monks. Using historical and archaeological records, and genetic methods, we demonstrate that this is a misconception.
Of all the animals domesticated by humans the cat is one of the most unique.
In the following story from the late twelfth-century, Alexander Neckham describes how deceitful parrots could be.
The story of one of the most infamous gifts, and one of the most influential images in art history, has been brought back to life thanks to research at the University of Warwick.
The text, here translated and commented on, is a school exercise but comic in tone, and so appropriate both for pupils and as court entertainment, as it echoes contemporary criticism of monks.
“I’ve never feared for myself any more than I did when I was entangled with that devil…”