Braşov (Kronstadt) in the Defence against the Turks (1438–1479)
Beham, Markus Peter (Vienna)
￼Kakanien Revisited, page 1-25, 02,(2010)
With the Battle of Kosovo in the year 1389, the final downfall of the Bulgarian kingdom in the year 1393, and the resulting seizure of the Danube ports by the Ottoman invaders, a new epoch of menace and threat began for the whole of South-East Europe. As Gustav Gündisch once so aptly commented in a newspaper article following the terminology of Şerban Papacostea:
It was the appearance of the Turks on the Lower Danube in the last quarter of the fourteenth century that altered the political landscape in this region. The contrast that took on the character of a “permanent confrontation” was formed.
In the following article, light will be shed upon the consequences of this state of affairs, as well as the role and importance of the town of Braşov (Kronstadt) in the repulsion of Ottoman expansion. To be more precise, the period covered will stretch from the time of the campaign of Murad II against Transylvania during the summer of 1438 – which is considered to be the first fully organized advance by the Ottomans against this region – to the Battle of Breadfield on October 13, 1479.